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Diocese of Thanjavur

Diocese of Thanjavur
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The diocese covers a land area of 9,583 square kilometers and includes the entire civil districts of Thanjavur, Thiruvarur and Nagapattinam (except for the two taluks or civil administration units of Papanasam and Kumbakonam in the district of Thanjavur). It also covers six taluks of Pudukottai district and two taluks of Cuddalore district. Thanjavur, Thiruvarur and Nagapattinam are considered important towns of the area.

Population

In 2017, Thanjuvar diocese has a total population of 5,092,290. Tamils and Telegus are the main ethnic groups here.

Language

Tamil and Telegu are the languages spoken in the diocese.

History

The diocese of Thanjavur was erected by bifurcating the diocese of Mylapore on Nov. 23, 1952. The diocese of Thanjavur is the result of the work of the Portuguese Padruado Missionaries from Goa; Franciscans, Augustinians, Jesuits, Paris Foreign Missions Society (MEP), Salesians and the diocesan clergy.

On March 25, 1953, Bishop R.A. Sundaram became the first bishop of Thanjavur. Under his leadership, the diocese developed steadily. He retired in 1986 after 33 years of episcopal ministry. His successor, Archbishop P. Arokiaswamy, took charge on Nov. 26, 1986. He retired in July 1997. Father M. Devadass Ambrose was ordained bishop of Thanjavur on Sept. 24, 1997.

Political

Towns are governed by municipalities, whereas villages and small towns are administered by local bodies called panchayats. The members of the local bodies are elected by adult suffrage.

Transportation

The diocesan area is well connected in terms of transport infrastructure by roads and railway. The nearest airport is in Trichy city.

Geography

The diocese covers a land area of 9,583 square kilometers and includes the entire civil districts of Thanjavur, Thiruvarur and Nagapattinam (except for the two taluks or civil administration units of Papanasam and Kumbakonam in the district of Thanjavur). It also covers six taluks of Pudukottai district and two taluks of Cuddalore district. Thanjavur, Thiruvarur and Nagapattinam are considered important towns of the area. 

Economy

The per capita income here is Rs 16,261 ($362) as of November 2006. The districts of Thanjavur and Thiruvarur are collectively called the "rice bowl" of Tamil Nadu. The area known as Cauvery Delta is well known for its farming as the river Cauvery flows through it. Fishing is a major industry in the Nagapattinam district.

Telecommunication

Government and private operators provide extensive telecommunication facilities here. The diocese is well served by local cable TV networks.

Education

The literacy rate is 76.12 percent.

Culture

Carnatic music, one of the two classical music styles of India, originated in this area. Every year, thousands of Carnatic musicians visit Thiruvayaru to pay homage to Sri Thyagaraja, founder of the classical tradition. This area is also known for its folk arts such as shadow puppetry and the traditional Karakatam dance.

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