Pope Francisin Mongolia

"Hoping Together" in the Holy Father's firstApostolic Visit to the nation

pope pope

Pope Francis' historic visit to Mongolia

Pope Francis will become the first pope to visit Mongolia, when he lands at Ulaanbaatar’s Chinggis Khaan International Airport on Sept. 1 for a four-day official visit to this Asian nation, which is home to some 1,500 Catholics.

The focus of the visit will be encounters with leaders of government and civil society and meetings with local Catholics. There will be an ecumenical and interreligious gathering as well as a Mass and the inauguration of a charity center.

Mongolia is a large country landlocked between Russia and China. A former communist nation, the country maintains close cultural, political and military ties with Russia, and China is its largest economic partner.

Of the country's more than 3.3 million people, about 1,300 are Catholics. Buddhists constitute around 52 percent of the Mongolia population, followed 3 percent Muslims, 2.5 percent Shamanists and 1.3 percent Christians. And, about 40.6 people have no religious affiliation, according to the CIA Factbook.

The tiny Church has just 29 Catholic priests but only two are Mongolians. The country has 40 women religious, three men religious and three lay missionaries. Together, 75 missionaries from 27 different nationalities and 10 different congregations serve the country, according to Cecilia Zolo, the communication officer of the Ulaanbaatar diocese.

The Ulaanbaatar diocese, based in the national capital, covers the entire country and currently has nine churches, six of them in the capital itself and three in the countryside. The parishes celebrate Masses in Mongolian, English and in Korean, particularly for a Korean community-based in Saint Mary’s parish.

English-speaking Mass goers come to three parishes, including the Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral, and they are mostly employees of international organizations and Filipinos, Zolo said.

The pope's trip, therefore, will be strategic to the Vatican, which has strained relations with neighboring China -- primarily due to apparent violations of an agreement between China and the Vatican which outlines procedures for the appointment of bishops -- and which has been seeking ways to halt the war linked to Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

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Papal Visit Schedule

Aug. 31, 2023 Thursday
Departure by airplane from Rome/Fiumicino International Airport to Ulaanbataar
Sept. 1, 2023 Friday
Arrival at Ulaanbaatar International Airport
Official Welcome
Sept. 2, 2023 Saturday
Welcome Ceremony at Sukhbaatar square
Courtesy visit to the President of Mongolia at the State Palace
Meeting with the authorities, civil society, and the diplomatic corps in the “Ikh Mongol” hall of the State Palace
Meeting with the Chairman of the State Great Khural (Parliament of Mongolia)
Meeting with the Prime Minister
Meeting with bishops, priests, missionaries, consecrated persons, and pastoral workers in Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral
Sept. 2, 2023 Saturday
Ecumenical and interreligious meeting in the “Hun Theatre”
Holy Mass in the “Steppe Arena”
Sept. 3, 2023 Sunday
Meeting with charity workers and inauguration of the House of Mercy
Departure by airplane from Ulaanbataar International Airport to Rome
Departure by airplane from Ulaanbataar International Airport to Rome
Arrival at Rome/Fiumicino International Airport
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