U.S. President Barack Obama exits Air Force One as he lands at Hanoi's international Noi Bai airport May 22. Vietnamese Father Tadeus Nguyen Van Ly was released from prison in advance of Obama's three-day visit to Vietnam. (Photo by AFP)
Father Thaddeus Nguyen Van Ly, a human rights campaigner jailed by Vietnamese authorities, was released from prison three days ahead of the May 22 visit by U.S. President Barack Obama to Vietnam.
In photos released by the Archdiocese, the 80-year-old priest can be seen kneeling — with assistance — before the archbishop upon return to his parish. The archdiocese reported him as being in good health.
Ordained in 1974, Father Ly had spent more than two decades cumulatively in prison and 15 years under house arrest on a range of charges related to his activism. The latest arrest dated back to 2007, when he was sentenced to eight years in prison and five years house arrest on anti-government activities. He was released in 2010 to get treatment for a brain tumor, only to be re-imprisoned the following year.
Father Ly had been an outspoken rights activist, campaigning for freedom of speech, democracy, and speaking out against the government confiscation of church property.
While his release was welcomed by the U.S. government, his sentence was about to end regardless. Arrested on Feb. 19, 2007, Father Ly was handed down an eight-year sentence that was suspended between March 15, 2010, and July 25, 2011, meaning he was released barely one month short of serving a full eight years. It is unclear whether he still faces a five-year probationary house arrest that was part of the original sentencing.
A priest in Hue City who asked not to be named told ucanews.com that government officials informed Archbishop Francis Xavier Le Van Hong of Hue that Father Ly would be granted a special reprieve for the 126th anniversary of Ho Chi Minh's birthdate on May 19.
"The communist government rarely releases prisoners of religious freedom and conscience on that occasion. Father Ly was pardoned due to the government bowing to pressure from the U.S. government," the priest explained. "The government made this concession to the U.S. so as to get financial support from Obama's visit."
Rights groups have been pressing Obama to use his trip to push the Vietnamese government to release political prisoners and tie trade deals to human rights. An estimated 130 people are currently imprisoned for acts of peaceful dissent, according to the International Federation for Human Rights. Last month, a coalition of 19 groups including Christian Solidarity Worldwide and Human Rights Watch sent an open letter to Obama highlighting attacks on defenders of human rights and religious freedoms.
"We therefore strongly urge you to take the opportunity of your visit to Vietnam to make clear, both in private and in public, that U.S.-Vietnamese relationship will not fundamentally advance absent meaningful human rights improvements, including the release of imprisoned activists, an end to harassment of civil society groups, and respect for international law," the letter reads.
The three-day trip will be Obama's first to Vietnam and trade issues, particularly the Trans-Pacific Partnership, will be high on the agenda. It is believed the U.S. might strike a historic deal lifting an arms embargo, which would allow Vietnam to buy weapons from the U.S. and would likely permit closer military cooperation — a move many see as necessary to countering China's ambitions in the South China Sea.
During a press briefing last week, a State Department official insisted that weapons sales "includes consideration of human rights and the potential for any given weapons system being used in ways that could support domestic police or other nonmilitary purposes. So this is something that we would look at very carefully in any event based on any future requests by the Vietnamese."
*** This story was updated May 23 with new fifth and sixth paragraphs with comments from a diocesan official.