The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has distanced itself from Australia’s still unsigned deal to transfer refugees from the Nauru refugee detention center for resettlement in Cambodia, one of Southeast Asia’s poorest nations. First raised in February, the cash-for-refugees deal is believed to be imminent. Australia’s hardline immigration minister Scott Morrison described progress as being “frustrating,” but a team of 10 bureaucrats from Canberra is now in Phnom Penh attempting to finalize a deal and a site has already been tapped. “The government is continuing its discussions on these issues and welcomes the receptive and positive response from Cambodia that has been provided to date,” a spokesperson for Australian immigration minister Scott Morrison’s office said. Details of the deal under discussion remain shrouded in secrecy, hidden from Australian voters and taxpayers -- for whom the bill is already mounting. Reports have said the Australian government is preparing to hand over tens of millions of dollars in exchange for re-settling an unknown number of refugees. But despite the Australian government’s best efforts, UNHCR remains adamant it will not be party to the deal.
“UNHCR is not party to this bilateral agreement in any way,” Vivian Tan, regional spokesperson for UNHCR, told ucanews.com on Friday. “We are deeply concerned about the precedent being set by this type of arrangement that in the first instance, transfers asylum-seekers who have sought Australia’s protection to Nauru, in conditions that have previously been described as harmful, then relocates refugees recognized in Nauru to Cambodia. “Asylum-seekers should ordinarily be processed, and benefit from protection, in the territory of the state where they arrive, or which otherwise has jurisdiction over them.” Tan said that UNHCR has expressed these concerns “to officials of both governments through various means, including in meetings and in writing.” UNHCR has previously raised strong objections to Australia’s now long-standing practice of processing refugees offshore on Papua New Guinea’s Manus Island and Nauru. “We have consistently advocated that asylum-seekers should have their claims processed in the country in which they arrive and that, if found to be refugees, they are offered protection there, with the full rights under the 1951 Refugee Convention,” Tan said. UNHCR is part of a growing chorus of refugee and aid agencies who have slammed the deal. The Cambodian Human Rights Action Committee (CHRAC), a coalition of rights groups and NGOs, said in a statement the lack of transparency would inevitably weaken whatever deal is struck. “CHRAC is gravely concerned that the two governments will simply push through the deal with no public scrutiny from either country. This is contrary to the fundamental principle of open government, respect for rule of law and due process,” the organization said. “The two governments have set up the perfect information vacuum surrounding the proposed deal.” Sister Denise Coghlan, the head of the Jesuit Refugee Service in Cambodia who has lived in the country for more than 20 years, has also previously criticized the deal. In recent years, Cambodia has been known for failing to protect asylum seekers. In December 2009, some 20 ethnic Uighurs were forcibly sent back to certain prison and possibly death in China before their asylum claims had been assessed in Cambodia. “UNHCR issued a statement of concern at this violation of the principle of non-refoulement, which prohibits sending people to a place where their lives and freedoms could be in danger. UNHCR has been unable to access these deportees upon their return,” Tan said. “We have been working with Cambodia’s nascent Refugee Department [previously known as the Refugee Office] to strengthen officials’ capacity and to try to prevent such incidents from occurring again.”
Support UCA News...
As 2020 unfolds, we are asking readers like you to help us keep Union of Catholic Asian News (UCA News) free so it can be accessed from anywhere in the world at no cost.
That has been our policy for years and was made possible by donations from European Catholic funding agencies. However, like the Church in Europe, these agencies are in decline and the immediate and urgent claims on their funds for humanitarian emergencies in Africa and parts of Asia mean there is much less to distribute than there was even a decade ago.
Forty years ago, when UCA News was founded, Asia was a very different place - many poor and underdeveloped countries with large populations to feed, political instability and economies too often poised on the edge of collapse. Today, Asia is the economic engine room of the world and funding agencies quite rightly look to UCA News to do more to fund itself.
UCA News has a unique product developed from a view of the world and the Church through informed Catholic eyes. Our journalistic standards are as high as any in the quality press; our focus is particularly on a fast-growing part of the world - Asia - where, in some countries the Church is growing faster than pastoral resources can respond to - South Korea, Vietnam and India to name just three.
And UCA News has the advantage of having in its ranks local reporters that cover 22 countries and experienced native English-speaking editors to render stories that are informative, informed and perceptive.
We report from the ground where other news services simply can't or won't go. We report the stories of local people and their experiences in a way that Western news outlets simply don't have the resources to reach. And we report on the emerging life of new Churches in old lands where being a Catholic can at times be very dangerous.
With dwindling support from funding partners in Europe and the USA, we need to call on the support of those who benefit from our work.
Click here to find out the ways you can support UCA News. You can make a difference for as little as US$5...