Maithripala Sirisena will be sworn in as Sri Lanka's new president Friday after the strongman incumbent conceded defeat in a bitterly fought election, brought down by charges of corruption and growing authoritarianism. A top aide to Mahinda Rajapaksa said the outgoing president accepted the decision of voters who turned out in force on Thursday, in a remarkable turnaround for a leader who had appeared certain of victory when he called snap polls in November. "The president concedes defeat and will ensure a smooth transition of power, bowing to the wishes of the people," said presidential press secretary Vijayananda Herath, adding he had already vacated his main official residence in a symbolic gesture of defeat. Sirisena told reporters in Colombo that he promised to “safeguard the country, protect Buddhism and respect all other religions to create a just and equal society with good governance”. A spokesman for Sirisena said the former health minister, who united a fractured opposition to pull off an unlikely victory, would be sworn in later Friday. "The swearing in will be at 6:00 pm (1230 GMT) today at Independence Square," said Saman Athaudahetti. Official sources said Sirisena had an unassailable lead in results announced so far. With nearly a third of results officially declared, Sirisena has 52.49 percent of the vote and Rajapaksa 46.21 percent. Sirisena was a relative unknown until he became the main opposition candidate, but his decision to run triggered a slew of defections and became a rallying point for disaffection with Rajapaksa and his powerful family. Rajapakse won a landslide election victory in 2010, but critics say he has failed to bring about reconciliation in the years that followed his crushing victory over the Tamil Tiger separatist group in 2009. Herath said Rajapaksa had conceded defeat during a meeting with Ranil Wickremesinghe, who leads the opposition in parliament and who Sirisena has said would be appointed as his prime minister. Opposition lawmaker Harsha de Silva said transitional arrangements were being discussed with Rajapaksa, and that Wickremesinghe had "guaranteed him and his family security". US Secretary of State John Kerry welcomed Rajapaksa's early concession and said he looked forward to working with the new leader. "I commend President Rajapaksa for accepting the results of the election in the proud tradition of peaceful and orderly transfers of power in Sri Lanka," he said in a statement. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said he had spoken to Sirisena to congratulate him.
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Sirisena has promised to reform the executive presidency, abolishing many of the executive powers that Rajapaksa had awarded himself during his second term in office. Opposition figures have accused the president of skimming large amounts of money from infrastructure projects funded through expensive foreign loans, often from China, his strongest foreign political and economic ally. He is also accused of undermining the independence of the judiciary and has packed the government with relatives, sparking resentment even within his own party. Rajapaksa had seemed assured of victory when he called snap polls in November seeking an unprecedented third term, five years after crushing a violent separatist rebellion that had traumatized the country for decades. But he has become unpopular in recent years, dogged by accusations of increasing authoritarianism and corruption, and a failure to reach out to minority Tamils after a decades-long civil war. Sirisena's surprise decision to defect from the government and stand against him galvanized disparate opposition groups. Despite sporadic campaign violence including the death of one opposition party worker, the vote passed off largely peacefully, although there were some reports of intimidation in Tamil areas. The president had come under international pressure after opposition reports that he was mobilizing the military, with Kerry this week urging him to ensure the election was peaceful and credible. In some areas of the North, Sirisena reportedly garnered over 78% of votes. Suresh Premachandran, the Tamil National Alliance (TNA) media spokesperson, told ucanews.com that Tamils had voted for change and an end to nepotism. “The majority of Tamils faced so many problems and suffering under [the Rajapaksa] regime,” said Premachandran. “Tamil speaking people have used their votes for the common candidate [but] that doesn’t mean they are happy with the new president.” “We are not happy about the common candidate’s speeches on the army and he said his government would not remove the military from north,” he added, adding that continued militarization of the north did not reflect “democracy”. The polls came days before a visit to the island by Pope Francis which some Catholic leaders had said should be cancelled in the event of violence. Election monitors said large numbers of people had voted in the heavily militarized former war zones of the north and east, whose largely Tamil population had boycotted previous national elections. The head of the Campaign for Free and Fair Elections Keerthi Thennakoon said before Rajapaksa's concession that the high participation could favor the opposition. Tamils are Sri Lanka's largest minority, accounting for 13 percent of the population, and were in a position to decide the election if the majority Sinhalese vote split between Rajapaksa and his main opponent. Rajapaksa had promised a judicial inquiry into allegations troops killed 40,000 Tamil civilians at the end of the civil war, although he had refused to cooperate with a UN-mandated investigation. AFP with additional reporting by ucanews.com