Updated: August 16, 2021 08:54 AM GMT
A man holds a newspaper displaying front-page news about Afghanistan at a stall in Islamabad, Pakistan, on Aug. 16 as the Taliban took control of the country after a 20-year war. (Photo: AFP)
Victorious Taliban fighters patrolled Kabul today after a stunningly swift end to Afghanistan's 20-year war as thousands of people mobbed the city's airport trying to flee the group's feared hardline brand of Islamist rule.
President Ashraf Ghani fled the country on Aug. 15 night as the insurgents encircled the capital, capping a military victory that saw them capture all cities in just 10 days.
"The Taliban have won with the judgement of their swords and guns and are now responsible for the honor, property and self-preservation of their countrymen," Ghani said after fleeing.
Government forces collapsed without the support of the US military, which invaded in 2001 after the September 11 attacks and toppled the Taliban for its support of Al-Qaeda.
But the United States ultimately failed to build a democratic government capable of withstanding the Taliban despite spending billions of dollars and providing two decades of military support.
After police and other government forces gave up their posts in Kabul on Aug. 15, Taliban fighters took over checkpoints across the city and entered the presidential palace.
Now it's time to test and prove, now we have to show that we can serve our nation and ensure security and comfort of life
Militants with rifles slung over their shoulders were also seen walking today through the streets of the Green Zone, the formerly heavily fortified district that houses most embassies and international organisations.
The Taliban sought to reassure the international community that Afghans should not fear them and that they will not take revenge against those who supported the US-backed alliance.
In a message posted to social media, Taliban co-founder Abdul Ghani Baradar called on his fighters to remain disciplined after taking control of the city.
"Now it's time to test and prove, now we have to show that we can serve our nation and ensure security and comfort of life," he said.
The Taliban's capture of the capital had occurred, as in many other cities, without the bloodshed that many had feared.
But there were desperate scenes at Kabul's airport today as people tried to board the few flights available.
"We are afraid to live in this city," a 25-year-old ex-soldier told AFP as he stood among huge crowds on the tarmac. "Since I served in the army, the Taliban would definitely target me."
The United States had sent 6,000 troops to the airport to ensure the safe evacuation of embassy staff as well as Afghans who worked as interpreters or in other support roles.
Other governments, including France and Australia, had also organised charter flights.
The US government said today it had secured the airport, but there was still chaos with witnesses reporting American soldiers firing shots into the air to ward off crowds. Authorities then canceled all remaining commercial flights because of the chaos.
The United States had earlier released a statement with more than 65 nations urging the Taliban to let Afghans leave the country, warning of accountability for any abuses.
UN secretary general Antonio Guterres urged the Taliban and all parties to "exercise restraint" and said the rights of women and girls, who suffered under the previous Taliban regime, must be protected.
The fear just sits inside your chest like a black bird. It opens its wings and you can't breathe
The Taliban imposed an ultra-strict interpretation of Sharia law during their 1996-2001 rule. This included banning girls from schools and women from working, while people were publicly stoned to death for adultery.
Muska Dastageer, a lecturer at the American University of Afghanistan, which opened five years after the Taliban were ousted, said Kabul residents felt "frightened and helpless".
"The fear just sits inside your chest like a black bird. It opens its wings and you can't breathe," she wrote on Twitter.
The US government has insisted in recent days that its two decades of war in Afghanistan was a success, defined by quashing the Al-Qaeda threat.
President Joe Biden also said he was determined there was no choice but to withdraw American troops as he would not "pass this war" onto another president.
But Washington was left shocked by the rapid collapse of the Afghan government, and critics have said the United States' reputation as a global power has been badly tarnished.
"America's credibility as an ally is diminished," said Husain Haqqani, Pakistan's former ambassador to the United States.
….as we enter the last months of 2021, we are asking readers like you to help us keep UCA News free.
For the last 40 years, UCA News has remained the most trusted and independent Catholic news and information service from Asia. Every week, we publish nearly 100 news reports, feature stories, commentaries, podcasts and video broadcasts that are exclusive and in-depth, and developed from a view of the world and the Church through informed Catholic eyes.
Our journalistic standards are as high as any in the quality press; our focus is particularly on a fast-growing part of the world - Asia - where, in some countries the Church is growing faster than pastoral resources can respond to – South Korea, Vietnam and India to name just three.
And UCA News has the advantage of having in its ranks local reporters who cover 23 countries in south, southeast, and east Asia. We report the stories of local people and their experiences in a way that Western news outlets simply don’t have the resources to reach. And we report on the emerging life of new Churches in old lands where being a Catholic can at times be very dangerous.
With dwindling support from funding partners in Europe and the USA, we need to call on the support of those who benefit from our work.