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Mindanao Church leaders link tribal killings to mining operations

Call for probe into paramilitary groups accused of carrying out the slayings

Joe Torres, Manila

Joe Torres, Manila

Updated: October 01, 2015 11:18 PM GMT
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Mindanao Church leaders link tribal killings to mining operations

A displaced Manobo tribal family rest inside their makeshift shelter in Tandag City. Church leaders in Mindanao have linked killings of tribal leaders to mining operations (Photo by Mark Saludes)

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Church leaders in the southern Philippines said the killings of tribal leaders and the harassment suffered by indigenous peoples in Mindanao are related to mining operations in the area.

"The [tribal people] who firmly stand against mining activities were the ones being intimidated by paramilitary forces," said Father Bong Galela, social action director of the Diocese of Tandag.

In the province of Surigao del Sur, indigenous peoples, collectively known as Lumads, have been under attack by gunmen of the paramilitary Magahat-Bagani Force.

Human rights groups alleged that the Philippine military trained and funded the group to go after communist rebels in the hinterlands of Mindanao.

The allegation was supported by clergy of the Diocese of Tandag.

"We call for the disarming and arrest of the members of the Magahat-Bagani group," Father Galela told a Senate panel inquiry Oct. 1.

"We also demand the government to ensure that there will be no cover-up in the investigation of these gruesome murders," the priest said.


Young Manobo tribal villagers reenact an attack by gunmen in their community in Lianga town on Sept. 1. A month after they fled their homes, the Manobos refuse to go back to their villages for fear of attacks by paramilitary groups. (Photo by Mark Saludes) 


The Philippine Senate's committee on peace, unity and reconciliation launched this week an inquiry into the Sept. 1 killing of Emerito Samarca, director of the Alternative Learning Center for Agriculture and Livelihood Development in Lianga town, and tribal leaders Dionel Campos and Aurelio Sinzo.

Witnesses accused members of the paramilitary Magahat-Bagani Force of committing the crime but no suspect has yet been arrested.

The killings resulted in some 3,000 tribal people fleeing to the provincial capital of Tandag where they continue to stay in makeshift shelters.

"We have to solve this problem as soon as possible," said Sen. Teofisto Guingona Jr., chairman of the Senate panel. 

"[The tribal people] have to go home and live a normal life," he said in an interview.


Another tribal leader killed

On Sept. 28, another tribal leader was reported killed by armed men in Agusan del Sur province, according to the Rural Missionaries of the Philippines. 

The victim was identified as 44-year old Lito Abion, leader of the tribal organization Tagdumahan.

A pastoral statement released by clergy of the Diocese of Tandag noted that the indigenous peoples of Mindanao "are now victims of those who are hungry and greedy for power and wealth."

"As priests of the Diocese of Tandag, together with our bishop, we all strongly condemn the terrorization, harassments and the killings of our Lumad brothers and sisters, as well as denounce the root cause of it all," said the statement released to the media Oct. 1.

The clergy called for "a careful and fair investigation" into the allegation that the Philippine military is the "origin and creator" of paramilitary groups. 

The priests also urged the government to investigate an alleged military plan to "terrorize" tribal communities as part of a counterinsurgency campaign and in collusion with big mining companies.

Tribal villagers display placards calling for peace at a temporary shelter site in Tandag City. (Photo by Mark Saludes) 


Problem with tribal people

A top official at the government's Mines and Geosciences Bureau admitted that some mining companies use military and police personnel to secure mine sites.

"But when [the mining companies] are accused of militarization, they pull [the military and police] out," said bureau director Elmer Billedo.

"Then what happens, their base camps are attacked. These reports do not reach you," Billedo told

The official blamed indigenous peoples for conflicts in their areas.

"There are many self-proclaimed tribal leaders and politically-anointed chieftains who say that they represent the indigenous peoples," said Billedo, adding that tribal people should come up with "proper designated officials and representatives" to negotiate with mining companies.

The faith-based civil society network Philippine Misereor Partnership Inc., however, said in a statement that an investigation should look into the possible culpability of mining companies "as more people observe the seeming connection of the killings to mining activities."

Father Stephen Brongcano, director of a social action center in the city of Butuan, cited a case in 2013 in South Cotabato province where a local government official and a military colonel admitted that a mining company was funding a military unit suspected of carrying out the killings of a B'laan tribal woman and her two sons.

The Philippines is the world's 20th biggest gold producer. Large and small-scale mines combined produced about 18 tons of gold in 2014 at a market value of more than US$700 million.

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