UCA News

India

Indian tribals urged to resist exploitation

Indigenous people are told to protect their identity and culture amid increasing harassment

Support Asia's largest network of Catholic journalists and editors
Support Asia's largest network of Catholic journalists and editors
Indian tribals urged to resist exploitation

An artist plays his instrument as part of a cultural program at a gathering to mark the celebration of International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples in New Delhi on Aug. 9. (Photo by Bijay Kumar Minj/ucanews.com)

Share this article :
About 2,000 people who gathered to mark International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples were asked to fight to protect their identity and culture in the face of increasing challenges in India.

Leaders who addressed the gathering in New Delhi on Aug. 9 presented data and incidents to show how exploitation of tribal people has increased since the pro-Hindu Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) came to power at federal level and in several states in 2014.

"Atrocities on tribals are nothing new but now tribals are branded as anti-national and the government will always harass them," Jesuit Father Vincent Ekka, a tribal rights activist, told participants.

He said the Indian constitution provided for tribal people to enjoy self-administration in certain areas "but local administrative executives are not following it and have taken an attitude of my way or the highway."

Father Ekka heads the department of tribal studies at the Jesuit-run Indian Social Institute, which organized the meeting of tribal people and leaders across India to mark the international day, which had the theme "Indigenous peoples' migration and movement."

Tribal leaders recalled how governments had made laws to take over and control tribal land and forests while chanting development mantras but acting on behalf of multinational companies and miners. Many tribal people were forced to migrate to cities.

"The main reasons for migration are mining, power projects and industries," said Lakhiram Murmu, a professor at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences.

The 2011 census showed the total number of internal migrants in India was a staggering 139 million.

Murmu, a tribal and senior surgeon, said that "when we speak about migration, it will be mostly our own people who are affected and we have to find the solution for that by creating jobs."

Tribal youth leader Ganesh Majhi saw "a conspiracy going on in the villages by giving them subsidized food grains at low prices to move them away from farming. When they don't work, farms become infertile and they will have to move out from the land."

Ashok Baxla, an earth scientist and government official, said in most cities migrant tribal people are not recognized as tribal but are recorded in a general category. "It means we lose our identity and culture," said the tribal leader.

Baxla said this would affect the tribal population in the census data and might have bad repercussions for reservation of government jobs.

India has about 104 million tribal people who form 8 percent of the population. However, 30 percent of India's 27 million Christians come from tribal communities, especially in northern and eastern states.

Christian missioners have been at the forefront of providing tribals with modern education and healthcare. But some radical Hindu groups accuse Christian services of being a facade to convert tribals to Christianity — a charge Christian leaders have consistently denied.

Support UCA News...

As 2020 unfolds, we are asking readers like you to help us keep Union of Catholic Asian News (UCA News) free so it can be accessed from anywhere in the world at no cost.

That has been our policy for years and was made possible by donations from European Catholic funding agencies. However, like the Church in Europe, these agencies are in decline and the immediate and urgent claims on their funds for humanitarian emergencies in Africa and parts of Asia mean there is much less to distribute than there was even a decade ago.

Forty years ago, when UCA News was founded, Asia was a very different place - many poor and underdeveloped countries with large populations to feed, political instability and economies too often poised on the edge of collapse. Today, Asia is the economic engine room of the world and funding agencies quite rightly look to UCA News to do more to fund itself.

UCA News has a unique product developed from a view of the world and the Church through informed Catholic eyes. Our journalistic standards are as high as any in the quality press; our focus is particularly on a fast-growing part of the world - Asia - where, in some countries the Church is growing faster than pastoral resources can respond to - South Korea, Vietnam and India to name just three.

And UCA News has the advantage of having in its ranks local reporters that cover 22 countries and experienced native English-speaking editors to render stories that are informative, informed and perceptive.

We report from the ground where other news services simply can't or won't go. We report the stories of local people and their experiences in a way that Western news outlets simply don't have the resources to reach. And we report on the emerging life of new Churches in old lands where being a Catholic can at times be very dangerous.

With dwindling support from funding partners in Europe and the USA, we need to call on the support of those who benefit from our work.

Click here to find out the ways you can support UCA News. You can make a difference for as little as US$5...
UCAN Donate
YOUR DAILY
NEWSLETTER
Thank you. You are now signed up to our Daily Full Bulletin newsletter
 
Support UCA News

William J. Grimm, MM

Publisher

Union of Catholic Asian News

"As Pope Francis has said, we live not so much in an era of change as in a change of era. That is especially true in Asia and for the churches of Asia. UCA News is the dedicated, Asia-wide news and information service for the Church in Asia and we need your help to maintain the service."