UCA News Catholic Dioceses in Asia
UCA News Catholic Dioceses in Asia
UCA News Catholic Dioceses in Asia
UCA News


Indian Jesuit warns against 'radical nationalists'

Father Joseph Lobo warns that Christianity has been used to prop up nationalism

Cindy Wooden, Catholic News Service

Cindy Wooden, Catholic News Service

Updated: June 24, 2020 03:56 AM GMT
Mission in Asia | Make a Contribution
Mission in Asia | Make a Contribution
Indian Jesuit warns against 'radical nationalists'

Jesuit magazine La Civilta Cattolica. (Photo: Jesuits Australia)

Share this article :
Using religion to prop up an exaggerated sense of nationalism perverts healthy patriotism in its attempts to solidify national identity by excluding some members of society, said an essay in an influential Jesuit journal.

"In some countries, a form of religious-cultural nationalism is back in vogue. Religion is exploited both to obtain popular support and to launch a political message that is identified with people's loyalty and devotion to a nation," wrote Jesuit Father Joseph Lobo of St. Joseph's College in Bangalore, India.

Father Lobo's essay, "Against Religious Nationalism," was published in La Civilta Cattolica, a Rome-based Jesuit journal reviewed by the Vatican before publication.

Because in today's globalized world, he wrote, "there is no geographical entity that can be defined as a 'nation' that has within it a single homogeneous identity" religiously, linguistically or ethnically. "Radical nationalism is only possible if it eliminates diversity."

Such nationalism was at the center of Nazism in Germany, he said, but inklings of it also can be seen in some sectors of the United States.

"Even a national sentiment as secular in some ways as that of the United States has cloaked itself in 'religious' guise with a kind of divinization of the founding fathers and a narrative centered on the special role and favor given by God to that people," he wrote. "In the period following the Second World War, the exaltation of the American way of life led to the apotheosis of national life, the equivalence of national values and religion, the divinization of national heroes and the transformation of national history into 'heilsgeschichte' — the history of salvation."

Conscious of the fact that religion, including Christianity, has been used in the past to prop up nationalism, Father Lobo called for a "liberating deconstruction of nationalism" relying on theology and biblical values.

While the Bible is filled with stories about God's special relationship with the Jewish people and their favored status as a nation — stories that Christian nationalists like to adopt — Father Lobo noted there also are explicit criticisms of the way some Jewish kings ruled, admonitions to treat others justly and repeated references to how God also created, loved and cared for other peoples as well.

But for Christians, Father Lobo said, the story of the good Samaritan is perhaps the clearest expression of how "justice and God's love as they are revealed by the Christ event lead to the unequivocal denunciation of all oppression and exploitation of any human being in any circumstance."

The impact of the parable on Jesus' listeners, he said, "comes from the prominence given to a Samaritan instead of to a 'good' Jew. While criticizing the priest and the Levite for their non-liberating religiosity, the parable could have exalted any poor Jew. Why does it exalt a Samaritan instead?"

Jesus' "new category, that of the 'neighbor,' is an antidote to nationalist self-justification. The neighbor does not coincide with the coreligionist and the compatriot," Father Lobo wrote.

"The love of one's neighbor is really the love of the 'other' in contrast to 'love of oneself or one's fellow' sustained by nationalism," he said, "because the latter is 'love for me' — a narcissistic self-love, which Christianity cannot condone."

"The fanaticism of religious-cultural nationalism," Father Lobo wrote, is not interested in promoting lasting peace and well-being for all people, but works to keep society "divided between 'us' and 'them,'" while creating a false hope "in a future glorious nation that will replicate an imaginary golden past."

Click here to read the full essay in La Civilta Cattolica

Support UCA News...

As 2020 unfolds, we are asking readers like you to help us keep Union of Catholic Asian News (UCA News) free so it can be accessed from anywhere in the world at no cost.

That has been our policy for years and was made possible by donations from European Catholic funding agencies. However, like the Church in Europe, these agencies are in decline and the immediate and urgent claims on their funds for humanitarian emergencies in Africa and parts of Asia mean there is much less to distribute than there was even a decade ago.

Forty years ago, when UCA News was founded, Asia was a very different place - many poor and underdeveloped countries with large populations to feed, political instability and economies too often poised on the edge of collapse. Today, Asia is the economic engine room of the world and funding agencies quite rightly look to UCA News to do more to fund itself.

UCA News has a unique product developed from a view of the world and the Church through informed Catholic eyes. Our journalistic standards are as high as any in the quality press; our focus is particularly on a fast-growing part of the world - Asia - where, in some countries the Church is growing faster than pastoral resources can respond to - South Korea, Vietnam and India to name just three.

And UCA News has the advantage of having in its ranks local reporters that cover 22 countries and experienced native English-speaking editors to render stories that are informative, informed and perceptive.

We report from the ground where other news services simply can't or won't go. We report the stories of local people and their experiences in a way that Western news outlets simply don't have the resources to reach. And we report on the emerging life of new Churches in old lands where being a Catholic can at times be very dangerous.

With dwindling support from funding partners in Europe and the USA, we need to call on the support of those who benefit from our work.

Click here to find out the ways you can support UCA News. You can make a difference for as little as US$5...
UCAN Donate
UCA Newsletter
Thank you. You are now signed up to our Daily Full Bulletin newsletter

Also Read

UCA News Podcast
Mission in Asia | Make a Contribution
Mission in Asia | Make a Contribution
Mission in Asia | Make a Contribution