UCA News Catholic Dioceses in Asia
UCA News Catholic Dioceses in Asia
UCA News Catholic Dioceses in Asia
UCA News


Christians in Laos shunned for believing in 'America's god'

The scars of the Vietnam War run deep in the landlocked communist country

UCA News reporter, Bangkok

UCA News reporter, Bangkok

Updated: June 11, 2020 09:00 AM GMT
Mission in Asia | Make a Contribution
Mission in Asia | Make a Contribution
Christians in Laos shunned for believing in 'America's god'

Men dressed as legendary ancestors Pou Nyer and Nyar Nyer and their guardian lion Singkheo Singkham dance at Wat Xiengthong Buddhist temple to mark Laos New Year celebrations in Luang Prabang in April 2019. Many Lao people have animistic beliefs. (Photo: AFP)

Share this article :
Christians in the communist nation of Laos continue to face discrimination, harassment and ridicule over their beliefs.

“They say in our village that there is no Christian god and that our ancestors were all animist,” a villager living in mountainous northern Laos recently told Radio Free Asia.

Christianity is little understood among many Laotians, most of whom hold a syncretism of animistic and Buddhist beliefs. Many Laotian animists believe that by practicing their “foreign” faith local Christians antagonize the country’s tutelary spirits, foreign Christian organizations have reported.

Meanwhile, the country’s government discourages religious beliefs in favor of secular Marxist ideas.

Christians account for a tiny minority in Laos, numbering a mere 150,000 or so in a nation of seven million, with around half of local Christians being Catholics. Local Christians say it is widely believed in their homeland that Christianity is an American import that does not belong in the country.

A reason for that is that many of the Christians are ethnic Hmong tribespeople who were converted by American missionaries and who sided with the United States during the Vietnam War before the communist Pathet Lao movement seized power in Laos in 1975. As a result, many Hmong people continue to be viewed suspiciously by communist officials.

“You people believe in America’s god. Don’t you remember what America did to our country?” the villager who spoke with Radio Free Asia reported having been told by a local official.

Many local Hmong are still blamed for their alleged complicity in US operations in Laos during the war, which saw vast amounts of bombs dropped by the US on the small landlocked nation in an effort to root out communist guerrillas. 

“They say that Christians have no rights and that no one will take care of them,” the Hmong villager said. “We even go to speak to the village leaders, but these are the same people who are already angry with Christians.”

Earlier this year 14 people from three ethnic Hmong Christian families were evicted from their homes in the village of Tine Doi in Luang Namtha province in the north for refusing to renounce their Christian beliefs. Their homes were then demolished.

In mid-March Sithon Thipavong, 34, a Lao pastor, was arrested by officials for conducting a religious service in the village of Kalum Vangkhea in Savannakhet province in the western part of the country. “He was arrested for teaching religion,” a resident of the village told a foreign news outlet.

No official explanation was given for the arrest, but it is likely the Christian pastor was seized on the pretext that he had broken social distancing rules by holding the religious service, which violated government restrictions on public gathering during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Sithon has been sentenced to six months in prison and members of his family have not been allowed to visit him. Observers say the pastor’s arrest may have been intended to be a warning to his fellow Christians not to practice their religion openly.

The constitution of Laos enshrines citizens’ right to religious freedom, yet the one-party state’s government routinely curtails the religious activities of Christians, according to the US Commission on International Religious Freedom.

“Those Laotians who believe in Jesus Christ [can easily be] arrested,” a neighbor of Sithon told Radio Free Asia, a US government–funded international broadcasting outfit that regularly reports on topics deemed taboo by the government of Laos in a country with no free press.

In most Lao villages, Christians are forbidden from erecting churches, according to the Voice of the Martyrs, a US-based Christian missionary charity.

“If village leaders notice that a house church is growing, they will try to stop it. Christians generally have difficulties providing for themselves and their families, for they often cannot get jobs — most of which are available through the government,” the group explains.

“Christians commonly are denied medical treatment, education and other social services. Arrests of believers frequently take place, resulting in detainments that average for up to a week.”

Lao officials have denied that local Christians face any form of discrimination.

“Villagers can believe in any religion they want. Cousins, brothers, and sisters may live in the same village but follow different religions,” an official based in the northern town of Luang Prabang told a foreign news agency.

“We give the same rights to everyone to believe in any religion they want, and if they have any problems, we solve this for them,” concurred another official, who works for the Lao Front for National Reconstruction in Vientiane, the capital. 

“In our district there are seven small churches, and an official from the province comes down once each month to talk to them and give them advice.”

The US Commission on International Religious Freedom disputes such assertions, saying that the Laotian government routinely engages in serious violations of religious freedom.

“Some Lao authorities remained deeply suspicious of Christians, sometimes resulting in social exclusion, harassment and arbitrary detention by law enforcement officials,” the commission says.

Support UCA News...

As 2020 unfolds, we are asking readers like you to help us keep Union of Catholic Asian News (UCA News) free so it can be accessed from anywhere in the world at no cost.

That has been our policy for years and was made possible by donations from European Catholic funding agencies. However, like the Church in Europe, these agencies are in decline and the immediate and urgent claims on their funds for humanitarian emergencies in Africa and parts of Asia mean there is much less to distribute than there was even a decade ago.

Forty years ago, when UCA News was founded, Asia was a very different place - many poor and underdeveloped countries with large populations to feed, political instability and economies too often poised on the edge of collapse. Today, Asia is the economic engine room of the world and funding agencies quite rightly look to UCA News to do more to fund itself.

UCA News has a unique product developed from a view of the world and the Church through informed Catholic eyes. Our journalistic standards are as high as any in the quality press; our focus is particularly on a fast-growing part of the world - Asia - where, in some countries the Church is growing faster than pastoral resources can respond to - South Korea, Vietnam and India to name just three.

And UCA News has the advantage of having in its ranks local reporters that cover 22 countries and experienced native English-speaking editors to render stories that are informative, informed and perceptive.

We report from the ground where other news services simply can't or won't go. We report the stories of local people and their experiences in a way that Western news outlets simply don't have the resources to reach. And we report on the emerging life of new Churches in old lands where being a Catholic can at times be very dangerous.

With dwindling support from funding partners in Europe and the USA, we need to call on the support of those who benefit from our work.

Click here to find out the ways you can support UCA News. You can make a difference for as little as US$5...
UCAN Donate
UCA Newsletter
Thank you. You are now signed up to our Daily Full Bulletin newsletter

Also Read

UCA News Podcast
Mission in Asia | Make a Contribution
Mission in Asia | Make a Contribution
Mission in Asia | Make a Contribution