In a land area of 18,831 square kilometers, the archdiocesan territory includes Bangkok, Samut Prakan, Nonthaburi, Samut Sakhon, Pathum Thani, Ayutthaya, Ang Thong, Nakhon Pathom, Suphan Buri, 3/5 of Chachoengsao and Amphoe (district) Ban Na of Nakhon Nayok.
The Eccleciastical Province of Bangkok comprises the Metropolitan Bangkok archdiocese with suffragan Dioceses of Ratchaburi, Chanthaburi, Chiang Mai, Nakhon Sawan and Surat Thani.
The Eccleciastical Province capital city of Thailand. However, it is not known by the name Bangkok to Thai people, the actual name in Thai is Krungthepmahanakorn Amornrattanakosin Mahintrayuthaya Mahadilokpob Noparat Rajataniburirom Udomrajanivej Mahasatharn Amornpimarn Awatarnsatis Sakatadtiya Wisanukamprasit. The name is abbreviated for daily use to Krungthep, or Krungthep Mahanakorn, meaning City of Angels.
In Bangkok metropolis, the population is 13,513,698 as of 2015. Most residents are ethnic Thais, with an estimated 25 percent of ethnic Chinese.
The standard Thai language is in use. English, a mandatory subject in public schools, is widely spoken and understood in business and tourist areas.
Bangkok was founded in 1782 by King Rama I, or Phra Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke. Located in the centre of the country, straddling the banks of Chao Phraya River and close to the Gulf of Thailand, the greater Bangkok Metropolis (including Thon Buri on the other side of Chao Phraya River) covers an area of about 1,600 square kilometers. Bangkok is adjacent to Pathum Thani in the north, Nonthaburi in the northwest, Chachoengsao in the east, Samut Sakhon southwest, and Samut Prakan in southeast.
The birth of Bangkok as a capital was due to the fall of its former Krung Sri Ayutthaya in the middle of 18th century. Ayutthaya, an ancient capital of 417 years old, was fallen and destroyed by Burmese troops. Thai people were being held captives under the Burmese rule for over a decade. A nobleman named Taksin led Thai people to fight against the Burmese troop. His army defeated the Burmese, driving them back to their country. After surveying the destruction of Ayutthaya, he decided to establish the new capital called Krung Thonburi because Ayutthaya was too large for his small army to protect as a stronghold and the damage seems irreparable. He was later named King Taksin the Great and ruled over Krung Thonburi for 14 years.
King Taksin was overthrown by a group of his own noblemen who betrayed him and seized power while his army was waging war with the Khmer. This army was led by King Taksin's most beloved commander Yodfa Chulaloke, who quickly returned to put down the rebels. Although he won, it was too late as King Taksin and members of the royal family were all assassinated. Yodfa Chulaloke saw that Krung Thonburi would be too small to be a capital, he then moved the capital to another side of Chao Phraya River in 1782, which is today Bangkok. He succeeded the throne as Rama I, the first monarch of the present Chakri Dynasty. The present king is King Bhumipol Adulyadej, or Rama IX.
In 1932, a revolution was staged and the political system was changed into constitutional monarchy. Bangkok on the east bank known as Krung Thep or Phra Nakhon became a province and Thon Buri on the west bank became another province. In 1971, the two provinces were merged under the name of Nakhon Luang Krung Thon Buri or Bangkok-Thon Buri Metropolis. One year later, the form of local government in the metropolis was reorganized and the province obtained a new name as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or popularly called Krung Thep for short. Bangkok is now a bustling city with a population with nearly 6 millions as it is the center of administration, transportation, business, communications, education and entertainment.
Rainy season begins in June to October; hot from March to May; and cool from November to February. The average temperature is about 29 degree Celsius with the monthly averages ranging from 35 degree Celsius in April to 26 degree Celsius in December.
Bangkok is located in the basin of Chao Phraya River and has no mountains. The land is crisscrossed with canals and rivers.
Gonsalo's martyrdom at Nagasaki with the other Christian missionaries is regarded as the most tragic and historic event for Catholicism in Japan
Calungsod and his companion Father Vitores baptized infants, children and adults, defying the risk of persecution and murder
Despite being an ordinary layman, Ruiz remained defiant while facing torture by the Japanese and died a brave martyr
He was the first Korean-born Catholic priest and is now the patron saint of Korea
This fabled church is also known by its Syriac name Mar Sleeva (Holy Cross) Church
Asian Catholics who cannot visit famous Our Lady of Lourdes shrine in France can revere miraculous Mother Mary at Velankanni shrine in India. The Basilica of Our Lady of Good Health is popularly known as “the Lourdes of the East” and holds the largest Catholic Church in Asia.
Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica at Fort Kochi is one of the finest churches and a historic but also a landmark in Kerala state of southern India. Santa Cruz Church blends Indo-European and Gothic architectural style that draws tens of thousands of pilgrims and tourists every year. The cathedral is a great place of devotion and historic significance that survived colonial conquests and invasions to the city.
Mokama Marian shrine on the southern bank of Ganges River bears the legacy persecuted Nepali Catholics banished from their homeland to India for refusing to renounce their faith. Our Lady of Divine Grace Church at Mokama stands about 90 kilometers from Patna, the capital of eastern Indian state of Bihar. Mother Mary is popularly known as Mokama Mata (Mother of Mokama). The church was built to honor Mary in 1947.
The shrine holds a three-meter-tall, white-stone carved statue Virgin Mary on the Tao Pao Mountain in the Diocese of Phan Thiet in southern Vietnam, about 1,600 kilometers from the national capital Hanoi.
The Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Urakami of Nagasaki is a witness of persecution of Christians from 17th to 19th centuries and deadly atomic bombing during the Second World War. This European-style, red-brick church continues to preserve some relics that survived the atomic bombing. Urakami cathedral, also known as St. Mary’s Cathedral, was almost destroyed when the atomic bomb was dropped on Aug. 9, 1945. The church stood about 500 meters from the hypocenter of atomic explosion. The devastation shattered and charred stone-made statues of saints, which were later preserved as relics along with the surviving head of Virgin Mary statue and one of the church’s original bells.
Our Lady of Akita Catholic Church is Yuzawadai is among the most famous churches in Japan. The church shot into global fame thanks to a wooden statue of Blessed Virgin Mary that wept 101 times and Marian apparitions to Japanese nun Sister Agnes Katsuko Sasagawa that miraculously healed her hearing impairment. Japanese wooden sculptor Saburo Wakasa from Akita city carved the now-famous miraculous statue of Virgin Mary in 1963.
The Church of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception in Seria is a small church on the western Belait district of Brunei, but it shot into fame thanks to the nation’s most famous Catholic – late Cardinal Cornelius Sim. It is also the second of three churches in Brunei dedicated to Virgin Mary. In fact, Mary has a prominent place not only in Christianity, but also in Islam, the dominant faith in Brunei. Holy Quran mentions Mary seventy times and reveres her as the greatest woman to have ever lived.