In a land area of 18,831 square kilometers, the archdiocesan territory includes Bangkok, Samut Prakan, Nonthaburi, Samut Sakhon, Pathum Thani, Ayutthaya, Ang Thong, Nakhon Pathom, Suphan Buri, 3/5 of Chachoengsao and Amphoe (district) Ban Na of Nakhon Nayok.
The Eccleciastical Province of Bangkok comprises the Metropolitan Bangkok archdiocese with suffragan Dioceses of Ratchaburi, Chanthaburi, Chiang Mai, Nakhon Sawan and Surat Thani.
The Eccleciastical Province capital city of Thailand. However, it is not known by the name Bangkok to Thai people, the actual name in Thai is Krungthepmahanakorn Amornrattanakosin Mahintrayuthaya Mahadilokpob Noparat Rajataniburirom Udomrajanivej Mahasatharn Amornpimarn Awatarnsatis Sakatadtiya Wisanukamprasit. The name is abbreviated for daily use to Krungthep, or Krungthep Mahanakorn, meaning City of Angels.
In Bangkok metropolis, the population is 13,513,698 as of 2015. Most residents are ethnic Thais, with an estimated 25 percent of ethnic Chinese.
The standard Thai language is in use. English, a mandatory subject in public schools, is widely spoken and understood in business and tourist areas.
Bangkok was founded in 1782 by King Rama I, or Phra Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke. Located in the centre of the country, straddling the banks of Chao Phraya River and close to the Gulf of Thailand, the greater Bangkok Metropolis (including Thon Buri on the other side of Chao Phraya River) covers an area of about 1,600 square kilometers. Bangkok is adjacent to Pathum Thani in the north, Nonthaburi in the northwest, Chachoengsao in the east, Samut Sakhon southwest, and Samut Prakan in southeast.
The birth of Bangkok as a capital was due to the fall of its former Krung Sri Ayutthaya in the middle of 18th century. Ayutthaya, an ancient capital of 417 years old, was fallen and destroyed by Burmese troops. Thai people were being held captives under the Burmese rule for over a decade. A nobleman named Taksin led Thai people to fight against the Burmese troop. His army defeated the Burmese, driving them back to their country. After surveying the destruction of Ayutthaya, he decided to establish the new capital called Krung Thonburi because Ayutthaya was too large for his small army to protect as a stronghold and the damage seems irreparable. He was later named King Taksin the Great and ruled over Krung Thonburi for 14 years.
King Taksin was overthrown by a group of his own noblemen who betrayed him and seized power while his army was waging war with the Khmer. This army was led by King Taksin's most beloved commander Yodfa Chulaloke, who quickly returned to put down the rebels. Although he won, it was too late as King Taksin and members of the royal family were all assassinated. Yodfa Chulaloke saw that Krung Thonburi would be too small to be a capital, he then moved the capital to another side of Chao Phraya River in 1782, which is today Bangkok. He succeeded the throne as Rama I, the first monarch of the present Chakri Dynasty. The present king is King Bhumipol Adulyadej, or Rama IX.
In 1932, a revolution was staged and the political system was changed into constitutional monarchy. Bangkok on the east bank known as Krung Thep or Phra Nakhon became a province and Thon Buri on the west bank became another province. In 1971, the two provinces were merged under the name of Nakhon Luang Krung Thon Buri or Bangkok-Thon Buri Metropolis. One year later, the form of local government in the metropolis was reorganized and the province obtained a new name as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or popularly called Krung Thep for short. Bangkok is now a bustling city with a population with nearly 6 millions as it is the center of administration, transportation, business, communications, education and entertainment.
Rainy season begins in June to October; hot from March to May; and cool from November to February. The average temperature is about 29 degree Celsius with the monthly averages ranging from 35 degree Celsius in April to 26 degree Celsius in December.
Bangkok is located in the basin of Chao Phraya River and has no mountains. The land is crisscrossed with canals and rivers.
This fabled church is also known by its Syriac name Mar Sleeva (Holy Cross) Church
St. Mary’s Cathedral Church in Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand state, is the mother church in the tribal belt of eastern India, where Belgian Jesuits laid the foundation of Catholicism in 19th century. This brownish Church, dedicated to the Immaculate Conception of Virgin Mary, stands on Dr. Camil Bulcke Path and nestles between St. Xavier’s College and St. Albert Major Seminary.
Basilica of Our Lady of Graces in Sardhana is a historic church that lives the memory of love and benevolence of the sole female Roman Catholic ruler in India. Our Lady of Graces Church of Sardhana stands at Meerut district in Uttar Pradesh of northern India. Consecrated in 1822, this 200-feet long church with a high central dome over the main altar, is one of the largest churches in northern India.
Saint Thomas Cathedral Basilica at Mylapore is a monumental declaration on ancient root of Christianity in India. The church was built over the tomb of St. Thomas, the Apostle who is believed to have preached Christianity in India. The cathedral preserves 2000-year-old bones of the saint and the lance that pierced him to death. Popularly known as Santhome Church, the cathedral at Chennai (formerly Madras) in Tamil Nadu state was constructed during the Portuguese era in the 16th century. “San Thome” assumes its name from St. Thomas.
St. Joseph’s Church in Lahore is the oldest Catholic Church in Pakistan that has flourished since the 19th century despite deadly sectarian violence in recent years. The church at Sarfaraz Rafiqui Road in Lahore was established as a wooden structure during the British colonial era, on Oct. 31, 1842, to provide pastoral care to the British soldiers. It completed 180 years this year.
Mokama Marian shrine on the southern bank of Ganges River bears the legacy persecuted Nepali Catholics banished from their homeland to India for refusing to renounce their faith. Our Lady of Divine Grace Church at Mokama stands about 90 kilometers from Patna, the capital of eastern Indian state of Bihar. Mother Mary is popularly known as Mokama Mata (Mother of Mokama). The church was built to honor Mary in 1947.
The Cathedral of Good Shepherd in Singapore is a historic National Monument, but it also holds first-class relics of a French saint who brought Catholicism on the shores of city-state two centuries ago. Built in 1847, the Good Shepherd Cathedral is the oldest Catholic Church and mother church of all Catholic churches in Singapore.
Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica at Fort Kochi is one of the finest churches and a historic but also a landmark in Kerala state of southern India. Santa Cruz Church blends Indo-European and Gothic architectural style that draws tens of thousands of pilgrims and tourists every year. The cathedral is a great place of devotion and historic significance that survived colonial conquests and invasions to the city.