In a land area of 2,045 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers the Civil Povince of Pampanga, City of San Fernando and Angeles City. The province of Pampanga is bounded on the west by Zambales, northwest by Tarlac, northeast by Nueva Ecija, east by Bulacan and south by Manila Bay. It is one of 7 provinces that compose the so-called Central Plain of Luzon.
The terrain is relatively flat with Mount Arayat as the only distinct mountain.
Pampanga is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon, Region III. Its capital is the City of San Fernando Pampanga.
Pampanga is composed of 20 municipalities and two cities. It is subdivided into four political districts, as follows:
First District: Angeles City, Mabalacat, and Magalang.
Second District: Floridablanca, Guagua, Lubao, Porac, Sasmuan, and Sta. Rita.
Third District: Arayat, Bacolor, Mexico, Sta. Ana and the capital City of San Fernando.
Fourth District: Apalit, Candaba, Macabebe, Masantol, Minalin, San Luis, San Simon, and Santo Tomas.
In the diocesan territory, the population is 2,524,699 at the end of 2017, 89% are Catholics. Most residents are Aeta.
Kapampangan, English, and Tagalog are widely spoken and understood in the province. Although Tagalog, Ilocano, Lineyte-Samarnon (Waray), Pangasinan, Cebuano, Bicol, English, and Hiligaynon (Ilonga) are also used.
Created Diocese: Dec. 11, 1948
Elevated to Archdiocese: March 17, 1975
Erected: June 25, 1975
Comprises the Civil Province of Pampanga, City of San Fernando and Angeles City
Suffragans: the Diocese of Balanga, Iba and Tarlac
Titular: St. Ferdinand, King
Secondary Patron: Our Lady of the Assumption.
The Archdiocese of San Fernando, Pampanga comprises the entire civil province of Pampanga and includes the Dioceses of lba (Zambales), Udac (Tarlac) and Balanga (Bataan) within its metropolitan province as suffragans. It was created a diocese on Dec. 11, 1948, and was elevated to an archdiocese on March 17, 1975. Its titular patron is St. Ferdinand, King, and its secondary patron is Our Lady of the Assumption.
The Augustinian Missionaries were the first to settle in Lubao, a town in Pampanga, in 1571. From there they established mission centers in Candaba, Macabebe, Bacolor, Arayat, Mexico, Guagua and other towns.
Eventually the diocese was dismembered when provincial boundaries became more pronounced. Zambales was established as a prelature on Oct. 18, 1955, Nueva Ecija as a diocese on Feb. 16, 1963, Tarlac as a diocese on May 10, 1963, and Bataan as a diocese on March 17, 1975.
Father Emilio A. Cinense, DD, a native of Guimba, Nueva Ecija, became the second bishop of San Fernando on March 15, 1957.
On March 17, 1975 the Diocese of San Fernando, Pampanga was elevated to an archdiocese comprising the entire province of Pampanga with three suffragan dioceses, namely, the Diocese of Tarlac, the Diocese of Iba (Zambales) and the Diocese of Balanga (Bataan). The local ordinary, Bishop Emilio Cinense became its first archbishop.
He was succeeded in 1978 by Archbishop Oscar V. Cruz, a native of Balanga, Bataan and at the time rector of San Carlos Seminary. The second Archbishop of San Fernando was appointed on May 22 that year; he resigned on Oct. 24, 1988.
On Jan. 31, 1989, Father Paciano B. Aniceto of Sta. Ana, Pampanga former rector of the Mother of Good Counsel Seminary and Bishop of Iba, was appointed third (and first Pampanga-born) Archbishop of San Fernando; he was formally installed on March 14, 1989.
A Philippine province is headed by a Governor. A Provincial Council (Sangguniang Panlalawigan) is composed of a Vice Governor (Presiding Officer) and Provincial Board Members. A Philippine city or municipality is headed by a Mayor. A City Council (Sangguniang Panlungsod) or Municipal Council (Sangguniang Bayan) is composed of a Vice Mayor (Presiding Officer) and City or Municipal Councilors. A barangay is headed by a Barangay Captain, who is also the presiding officer of the barangay council. The Barangay Council is composed of seven (7) Barangay Kagawads. A similar unit called a Youth Council (Sangguniang Kabataan) is headed by an SK Chairperson with a similar rank to a Barangay Captain. The council is composed of SK Members.
The Clark civil aviation complex encompasses 2,367 hectares of the sprawling 4,400-hectare Clark Freeport Zone where the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (DMIA) is located.
Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (formerly Clark International Airport) lies at the heart of Central Luzon, making it a most viable and convenient airport of choice for travelers in the North-Central Luzon and the northern Metro Manila area who want to avoid the hustle and bustle of the city streets. It is easily accessible by shuttle bus from various points in Metro Manila and North Luzon.
With its strategic location within the region and the locality, the DMIA is only one and a half to four hours flying time away from most major Asian cities and less than an hour away from Metro Manila and the Subic Bay Freeport. Its location within the Clark Freeport also ensures investors that they receive the utmost support in terms of manpower, customer service and tax incentives.
Pampanga also has five existing municipal ports which function as fish landing centers. These are situated in the municipalities of Guagua, Macabebe, Masantol, Minalin, and Sasmuan.
Almost 99.04% of the province is energized. This is brought about by the existing major power transmission lines providing electric power in the province. The largest is the Pampanga Electric Cooperative (PELCO), the Pampanga Rural Electric Service Cooperative, Inc. (PRESCO).
The Angeles Electric Corporation (AEC), San Fernando Electric Company (SFELAPCO), and Manila Electric Company (MERALCO) also extend services to certain parts of Pampanga.
There are 26 Level III systems (pressure pumps) distributed in 13 municipalities and Angeles City. Eleven are being managed by the Local Water and Utilities Administration (LWUA) water distri
Annual per capita income (in Philippines Pesos, exclude Angeles City and San Fernando) 31,140 (USD691 as of May 2010).
Farming, fishing, manufacturing, handicrafts, poultry, swine, and food processing industries are the chief sources of livelihood in Pampanga. The fertile plains are suitable to sugar cane, rice, corn, vegetables, and fruit trees. Rivers, streams, and fishponds abound with milkfish (bangus), carps, catfish, shrimps, crabs, and other marine products.
In addition, the province manufactures garments, furniture, gift items, and toys for export. Pampanga is equally famous for its wood carvings and exquisite and unique Christmas lanterns.
Pampanga has excellent telecommunication facilities with almost all the companies operating in the province having international and national direct dial facilities.
There are six telephone companies providing telephone services to the municipalities and cities of San Fernando and Angeles City.
Service companies include the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company, the Angeles City Telephone System, Dau Telephone Corporation, Digitel, Smart Communications, and PilPhone: +63 45
These local telecommunication facilities are augmented by the presence of America Online, a locator inside Clark Special Economic Zone.
Several Internet Service Providers such as the Angeles Computer Network Specialist, Information Resources Network System, Inc., Mosaic Communications Inc., Net Asia Angeles City and Phil World On Line provide Internet Access.
There are 3 postal district offices and 35 post office stations distributed in the 20 municipalities and 2 cities within the province.
Pampanga has four radio stations: the DWRWFM of the Radio World Broadcasting Corp. of the Philippines in San Fernando; DWGV-FM of the GV Broadcasting System in Angeles City; DWGVAM also of the GV Broadcasting System in Angeles City; and the DWCI-FM of the Love Radio Network in San Fernando. It has only one television station, the K-TV 12 of the Love Radio Network in Sindalan, San Fernando.Other communication facilities operating in the province are cable television networks.
As of February 2009 literacy rate (simple literacy) is 93.94 percent in the diocesan territory.
January to February- Bird Watch in Candaba Swamp
Every year, bird watchers troop to the famous Candaba swamp to get a glimpse of the exotic migratory birds from all over the world. As many as 10,200 birds, belonging to some 35 various water bird species, are believed to visit the swamps every year.
February- Hot Air Balloon Festival, Clarkfield
A much-anticipated annual three-day event on Clarkfield featuring various aerial tricks, air shows, and a display of colorful hot air balloons.
March/ April- Lenten Rites (Mal a Aldo), City of San Fernando
A tourist-drawing lenten attraction featuring a re-enactment of Christ's crucifixion and a parade of flagellants
"Moro-moro" is a feature of the Santacruzan that occurs at certain places. During the procession, the "goydo," said to be a non-Christian knight confronts St. Helena and her handmaidens and tries to stop their search for the holy cross. After armed skirmishes between the two groups and a series of dramatic dialogues in vernacular joust, the "goydo" and his men are finally won over and converted to Christianity.
June 28- Apung Iru Fluvial Parade, Apalit
A boat transfer of Apalit's patron saint from its shrine in Capalangan to the Poblacion. Thousands of devotees line both sides of the river throwing packed food, waving leaves and flowers and splashing in frenzy as the layered pagoda, which bears the statue, passes by.
October- Tugak Festival
A festival celebrating Pampanga for its traditional frog cuisine where participants are enjoined to catch frogs, cook frogs, and eat frogs.
October- La Naval Fiesta, Bacolor
In commemoration of the Virgin of the Holy Rosar
Gonsalo's martyrdom at Nagasaki with the other Christian missionaries is regarded as the most tragic and historic event for Catholicism in Japan
Calungsod and his companion Father Vitores baptized infants, children and adults, defying the risk of persecution and murder
Despite being an ordinary layman, Ruiz remained defiant while facing torture by the Japanese and died a brave martyr
He was the first Korean-born Catholic priest and is now the patron saint of Korea
This fabled church is also known by its Syriac name Mar Sleeva (Holy Cross) Church
Asian Catholics who cannot visit famous Our Lady of Lourdes shrine in France can revere miraculous Mother Mary at Velankanni shrine in India. The Basilica of Our Lady of Good Health is popularly known as “the Lourdes of the East” and holds the largest Catholic Church in Asia.
Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica at Fort Kochi is one of the finest churches and a historic but also a landmark in Kerala state of southern India. Santa Cruz Church blends Indo-European and Gothic architectural style that draws tens of thousands of pilgrims and tourists every year. The cathedral is a great place of devotion and historic significance that survived colonial conquests and invasions to the city.
Mokama Marian shrine on the southern bank of Ganges River bears the legacy persecuted Nepali Catholics banished from their homeland to India for refusing to renounce their faith. Our Lady of Divine Grace Church at Mokama stands about 90 kilometers from Patna, the capital of eastern Indian state of Bihar. Mother Mary is popularly known as Mokama Mata (Mother of Mokama). The church was built to honor Mary in 1947.
The shrine holds a three-meter-tall, white-stone carved statue Virgin Mary on the Tao Pao Mountain in the Diocese of Phan Thiet in southern Vietnam, about 1,600 kilometers from the national capital Hanoi.
The Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Urakami of Nagasaki is a witness of persecution of Christians from 17th to 19th centuries and deadly atomic bombing during the Second World War. This European-style, red-brick church continues to preserve some relics that survived the atomic bombing. Urakami cathedral, also known as St. Mary’s Cathedral, was almost destroyed when the atomic bomb was dropped on Aug. 9, 1945. The church stood about 500 meters from the hypocenter of atomic explosion. The devastation shattered and charred stone-made statues of saints, which were later preserved as relics along with the surviving head of Virgin Mary statue and one of the church’s original bells.
Our Lady of Akita Catholic Church is Yuzawadai is among the most famous churches in Japan. The church shot into global fame thanks to a wooden statue of Blessed Virgin Mary that wept 101 times and Marian apparitions to Japanese nun Sister Agnes Katsuko Sasagawa that miraculously healed her hearing impairment. Japanese wooden sculptor Saburo Wakasa from Akita city carved the now-famous miraculous statue of Virgin Mary in 1963.
The Church of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception in Seria is a small church on the western Belait district of Brunei, but it shot into fame thanks to the nation’s most famous Catholic – late Cardinal Cornelius Sim. It is also the second of three churches in Brunei dedicated to Virgin Mary. In fact, Mary has a prominent place not only in Christianity, but also in Islam, the dominant faith in Brunei. Holy Quran mentions Mary seventy times and reveres her as the greatest woman to have ever lived.