In a land area of 2,655 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers Baguio City and Benguet Province.
Baguio City is landlocked within the province of Benguet, thus bounding it on all sides by its different municipalities; on the North by the capital town of La Trinidad, on the East by Itogon and to the South and West by Tuba.
Benguet is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) in Luzon. Its capital is La Trinidad and borders, clockwise from the south, Pangasinan, La Union, Ilocos Sur, Mountain Province, Ifugao, and Nueva Vizcaya.
A total of 13 municipalities and 140 barangays (villages) make up the province, while Baguio City is politically subdivided into 129 barangays.
As of year end 2018 the total population of the diocese is 776,640 of which 72.60 percent are Catholics or 563,890.
Evidences of at least two series of waves and periods of migration in northern Luzon. The migrants were similar in physical type and language but came from different localities in southeastern Asia where they developed their own organizations and institutions that they brought to Luzon and modified in their new habitat.
The first series includes the Igorot; the Ibaloi of Benguet, the Kankanai of Lepanto, the Bontoks, and the Ifugaos. They have the following institutions in common: "trial marriage; division of their settlements into social and political units known as ato; separate dormitories for unmarried men and women; government by the federated divisions of a village as represented by old men; and a peculiar and characteristic type of dwelling.
In the second wave series belong to the Ilocanos, the Tinguians (Itnegs or Isnegs), the Apayaos, and the western Kalingas, to whom the institutions of the first wave series are unknown.
The languages commonly spoken in Baguio are Kankana-ey, Ibaloi, Ilocano, Ifugo, Tagalog, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, English, Chinese, and recently, Korean - due to a significantly large number of Korean students who are coming to the city to study the English language.
DIOCESE OF BAGUIO
Suffragan of Nueva Segovia
Created Apostolic Prelature of the Mountain Provinces on July 15, 1932
Created Apostolic Vicariate of Metropolitan Baguio by division on July 6, 1992
Elevated to the status of a Diocese on July 10, 2004
Comprising Baguio City and Benguet Province
Titular: Immaculate Heart of Mary
Diocese of Baguio was created July 6, 1932 from the then Apostolic Vicariate of the Mountain Provinces. Baguio City within the province of Benguet is sometimes called Pines City because of its picturesque forests of Benguet Pine. It sits on a plateau in the central Cordillera Mountains, with an elevation of 1,524 meters. And with the rest of Benguet, enjoys cool temperatures in January and in May. It is the summer capital of the country.
It was created Apostolic Vicariate of Metropolitan Baguio by division on July 6, 1992 and was elevated to the status of a Diocese on July 10, 2004.
Evangelization in the area was started in 1907 by the pioneer missionaries of the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (CICM), also known as the Scheut Fathers. These missionaries established mission centers, Catholic schools, a hospital and a clinic. Today the work of evangelization is being carried out through a network of 8 parishes in Baguio and 13 mission stations in the district of Benguet.
Formerly under the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia, created Apostolic Prelature of the Mountain Provinces (MONTAÑOSA) on July 15, 1932. It was elevated to Apostolic Vicariate on June 10, 1948 with Bishop William Brasseur, CICM, as the first Apostolic Vicar of Montañosa.
On Dec. 22, 2001 Most Rev. Carlito Cenzon, CICM, DD was appointed as the second apostolic vicar and on July 10, 2004 he was appointed the first bishop of the Diocese of Baguio.
Baguio City's lone congressional district is currently represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. Like most Philippine cities, Baguio is governed by a Mayor, Vice Mayor, and twelve (12) Councilors. However, being a highly-urbanized city, it is not subject to the jurisdiction of Benguet, the province which it was formerly part of. Baguio is the seat of government of the Cordillera Administrative Region
Literacy rate (simple literacy; including Baguio City) is 91.15 percent.
Gonsalo's martyrdom at Nagasaki with the other Christian missionaries is regarded as the most tragic and historic event for Catholicism in Japan
Calungsod and his companion Father Vitores baptized infants, children and adults, defying the risk of persecution and murder
Despite being an ordinary layman, Ruiz remained defiant while facing torture by the Japanese and died a brave martyr
He was the first Korean-born Catholic priest and is now the patron saint of Korea
This fabled church is also known by its Syriac name Mar Sleeva (Holy Cross) Church
Asian Catholics who cannot visit famous Our Lady of Lourdes shrine in France can revere miraculous Mother Mary at Velankanni shrine in India. The Basilica of Our Lady of Good Health is popularly known as “the Lourdes of the East” and holds the largest Catholic Church in Asia.
Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica at Fort Kochi is one of the finest churches and a historic but also a landmark in Kerala state of southern India. Santa Cruz Church blends Indo-European and Gothic architectural style that draws tens of thousands of pilgrims and tourists every year. The cathedral is a great place of devotion and historic significance that survived colonial conquests and invasions to the city.
Mokama Marian shrine on the southern bank of Ganges River bears the legacy persecuted Nepali Catholics banished from their homeland to India for refusing to renounce their faith. Our Lady of Divine Grace Church at Mokama stands about 90 kilometers from Patna, the capital of eastern Indian state of Bihar. Mother Mary is popularly known as Mokama Mata (Mother of Mokama). The church was built to honor Mary in 1947.
The shrine holds a three-meter-tall, white-stone carved statue Virgin Mary on the Tao Pao Mountain in the Diocese of Phan Thiet in southern Vietnam, about 1,600 kilometers from the national capital Hanoi.
The Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Urakami of Nagasaki is a witness of persecution of Christians from 17th to 19th centuries and deadly atomic bombing during the Second World War. This European-style, red-brick church continues to preserve some relics that survived the atomic bombing. Urakami cathedral, also known as St. Mary’s Cathedral, was almost destroyed when the atomic bomb was dropped on Aug. 9, 1945. The church stood about 500 meters from the hypocenter of atomic explosion. The devastation shattered and charred stone-made statues of saints, which were later preserved as relics along with the surviving head of Virgin Mary statue and one of the church’s original bells.
Our Lady of Akita Catholic Church is Yuzawadai is among the most famous churches in Japan. The church shot into global fame thanks to a wooden statue of Blessed Virgin Mary that wept 101 times and Marian apparitions to Japanese nun Sister Agnes Katsuko Sasagawa that miraculously healed her hearing impairment. Japanese wooden sculptor Saburo Wakasa from Akita city carved the now-famous miraculous statue of Virgin Mary in 1963.
The Church of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception in Seria is a small church on the western Belait district of Brunei, but it shot into fame thanks to the nation’s most famous Catholic – late Cardinal Cornelius Sim. It is also the second of three churches in Brunei dedicated to Virgin Mary. In fact, Mary has a prominent place not only in Christianity, but also in Islam, the dominant faith in Brunei. Holy Quran mentions Mary seventy times and reveres her as the greatest woman to have ever lived.