The apostolic prefecture's territory stretches over 1,564,116 square kilometers and covers the capital city, Ulaanbaatar, and main cities Darkhan and Erdenet. Two more Church province centers are Zuun Mod (Central Province) and Arvaikheer (Ovorkhangai Province).
The population was approximately 1 million at the end of 2006. (The population of the whole country is 2,751,314). The other cities have less than 100,000 people each. The majority of the population belongs to the ethnic group of Khalkha Mongol. Other Mongolian groups are Oirad, Buriad, Uriankhai. There are also Kazakhs, local Russians and Chinese in the territory.
Mongolian is the language used in the country. English is used by the Church; and Kazakh, Chinese, Russian by ethnic groups.
Mongolia's political system is parliamentary democracy.
The culture is originally nomadic, strongly influenced by Russian and European culture.
Music: pentatonic, musical instruments are similar to Chinese, Korean etc. stringed instruments. The national instrument is the Morin Khuur, the horse-headed fiddle, a cello-like instrument with two strings and a bow, both made of white horse tail hair.
Traditional song types: short song (regular folk song), long-song (folk song sung with elongated syllables), huumii (song sung by men from the throat, with two or three melodies sung simultaneously by one person) Very strong European influence in modern culture, especially in drama, opera, (came through Russia). European cultural forms are preferred to Asian/Chinese forms.
Dance: A Western Mongolian tribe, the Oirads dance the bilge, which uses much shoulder movement. The dances usually tell stories.
On every first Friday of the month thousands of Catholics flock to Holy Cross Church of Cherpunkal in Kerala, India to revere Infant Jesus and St. Thomas, the founder of the church. The church stands on the southern bank of Meenachil River. This fabled church, also known by its Syriac name Mar Sleeva (Holy Cross)Church, belongs to Catholic Diocese of Palai of the Eastern-rite Syro-Malabar Church.
St. Mary’s Cathedral Church in Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand state, is the mother church in the tribal belt of eastern India, where Belgian Jesuits laid the foundation of Catholicism in 19th century. This brownish Church, dedicated to the Immaculate Conception of Virgin Mary, stands on Dr. Camil Bulcke Path and nestles between St. Xavier’s College and St. Albert Major Seminary.
Basilica of Our Lady of Graces in Sardhana is a historic church that lives the memory of love and benevolence of the sole female Roman Catholic ruler in India. Our Lady of Graces Church of Sardhana stands at Meerut district in Uttar Pradesh of northern India. Consecrated in 1822, this 200-feet long church with a high central dome over the main altar, is one of the largest churches in northern India.
Saint Thomas Cathedral Basilica at Mylapore is a monumental declaration on ancient root of Christianity in India. The church was built over the tomb of St. Thomas, the Apostle who is believed to have preached Christianity in India. The cathedral preserves 2000-year-old bones of the saint and the lance that pierced him to death. Popularly known as Santhome Church, the cathedral at Chennai (formerly Madras) in Tamil Nadu state was constructed during the Portuguese era in the 16th century. “San Thome” assumes its name from St. Thomas.
St. Joseph’s Church in Lahore is the oldest Catholic Church in Pakistan that has flourished since the 19th century despite deadly sectarian violence in recent years. The church at Sarfaraz Rafiqui Road in Lahore was established as a wooden structure during the British colonial era, on Oct. 31, 1842, to provide pastoral care to the British soldiers. It completed 180 years this year.
Mokama Marian shrine on the southern bank of Ganges River bears the legacy persecuted Nepali Catholics banished from their homeland to India for refusing to renounce their faith. Our Lady of Divine Grace Church at Mokama stands about 90 kilometers from Patna, the capital of eastern Indian state of Bihar. Mother Mary is popularly known as Mokama Mata (Mother of Mokama). The church was built to honor Mary in 1947.
Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica at Fort Kochi is one of the finest churches and a historic but also a landmark in Kerala state of southern India. Santa Cruz Church blends Indo-European and Gothic architectural style that draws tens of thousands of pilgrims and tourists every year. The cathedral is a great place of devotion and historic significance that survived colonial conquests and invasions to the city.
The Cathedral of Good Shepherd in Singapore is a historic National Monument, but it also holds first-class relics of a French saint who brought Catholicism on the shores of city-state two centuries ago. Built in 1847, the Good Shepherd Cathedral is the oldest Catholic Church and mother church of all Catholic churches in Singapore.