Explore South Asia's ancient dioceses

Cardinal Cheong

The cathedral of the first diocese in India.

St. Thomas the Apostle, who is believed to have arrived on Kerala’s Malabar Coast in 52 AD, is considered the father of the Catholic faith in India.

Christian communities developed and expanded further when European missionaries arrived in the 13th and 14th centuries.

The history of a few ancient dioceses in Asia can be dated back to 13th century pre-Portuguese mission expeditions.

Find out the oldest diocese in India here.

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Diocese of Uijeongbu

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Diocese of Uijeongbu
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The Uijeongbu diocesan territory covers 2,564 square kilometers and includes Uijeongbu, Goyang, Guri, Namyangju, Paju, Dongducheon, Yangju cities and Yeoncheon-gun county in Gyeonggi-do province.

Uijeongbu diocese was carved out of Seoul archdiocese on June 24, 2004. It belongs to the ecclesiastical province of Seoul.

Every year Uijeongbu diocese holds a special Mass to pray for families separated as a result of the North-South division of the Korean peninsula at Imjingak.


In Uijeongbu diocesan jurisdiction, the population is 3,114,536 at the end of 2017. (Some 5.2 percent of the whole population 51 million in the country) Most residents are ethnic Koreans.


The standard Korean is in use. English, a mandatory subject in schools, can be spoken and understood in tourist areas. All the traffic signs are expressed in English and Korean.


Uijeongbu diocese falls within the temperate  zone and has the four distinctive seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter. The yearly average temperature of Uijeongbu is 12 degrees Celsius. The annual precipitation in the region averages 1,100 millimeters. Most of the rainfall is concentrated in the rainy months (monsoon period) of June through September.


Uijeongbu is located at the middle-western Korean peninsula or north of Seoul. Most of the diocese is northern part of Gyeonggi-do province which is relatively undeveloped area.

Recently the DMZ attracts attention as ecological preservation and peaceful interchange area between North and South Koreas.

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UCA News
The Union of Catholic Asian News (UCA News, UCAN) is the leading independent Catholic news source in Asia.
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