In a land area of 9,129 square kilometers, the Daegu archdiocesan territory includes Daegu Metropolitan City, and cities of Gimcheon, Gumi, Gyeongju, Gyeongsan, Pohang, and Yeongcheon, and counties of Cheongdo, Chilgok, Goryeong, Gunwi, Seongju, and Ulleung, in Gyeongsangbuk-do (province).
Daegu archdiocese was erected as apostolic vicariate on Apr. 8, 1911, and became archdiocese on Mar. 10, 1962. From it, Busan diocese (1957) and Andong diocese (1969) were carved out as suffragan dioceses and now it has all four suffragan dioceses of Andong, Cheongju, Masan, and Busan.
Daegu archdiocese is the center of Catholic Church in southeastern Korean peninsula. During the persecution period in 19th century, Catholics including St. John Yi Yun-il were executed at Gwandeokjeong in Daegu. Gwandeokjeong was the military training center and used for the execution place of the criminals. Now, Daegu archdiocese manages the place as a sacred place for the Church and set up a chapel where the body of St. John Yi is preserved.
For the efficient management, the archdiocese divides itself into five episcopal vicariates and every vicariate has respective office and does their pastoral work.
In Daegu archdiocesan jurisdiction, the population is 4,533,397 at the end of 2016. (Some 9.2 percent of the whole population 51 million in the country). Most residents are ethnic Koreans.
The standard Korean is in use. English, a mandatory subject in schools, can be spoken and understood in business and tourist areas. All the traffic signs are explained in English as well as Korean.
Daegu archdiocese belongs to the temperate zone featuring four distinctive seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter. The yearly average temperature of Daegu is 13.2 degrees Celsius. The annual precipitation in the region averages 1,030 millimeters. Most of the rainfall is concentrated in the rainy months (monsoon period) of June through September. However, Daegu is located in basin surrounded by mountains, and the weather in summer and winter is very hot and cold respectively.
The Gyeongsangbuk-do (province) is located in the southeastern area of the Korean peninsula. Also, Daegu, the capital city of the province, is famous for its fiber and textile industry.
Gonsalo's martyrdom at Nagasaki with the other Christian missionaries is regarded as the most tragic and historic event for Catholicism in Japan
Calungsod and his companion Father Vitores baptized infants, children and adults, defying the risk of persecution and murder
Despite being an ordinary layman, Ruiz remained defiant while facing torture by the Japanese and died a brave martyr
He was the first Korean-born Catholic priest and is now the patron saint of Korea
This fabled church is also known by its Syriac name Mar Sleeva (Holy Cross) Church
Asian Catholics who cannot visit famous Our Lady of Lourdes shrine in France can revere miraculous Mother Mary at Velankanni shrine in India. The Basilica of Our Lady of Good Health is popularly known as “the Lourdes of the East” and holds the largest Catholic Church in Asia.
Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica at Fort Kochi is one of the finest churches and a historic but also a landmark in Kerala state of southern India. Santa Cruz Church blends Indo-European and Gothic architectural style that draws tens of thousands of pilgrims and tourists every year. The cathedral is a great place of devotion and historic significance that survived colonial conquests and invasions to the city.
Mokama Marian shrine on the southern bank of Ganges River bears the legacy persecuted Nepali Catholics banished from their homeland to India for refusing to renounce their faith. Our Lady of Divine Grace Church at Mokama stands about 90 kilometers from Patna, the capital of eastern Indian state of Bihar. Mother Mary is popularly known as Mokama Mata (Mother of Mokama). The church was built to honor Mary in 1947.
The shrine holds a three-meter-tall, white-stone carved statue Virgin Mary on the Tao Pao Mountain in the Diocese of Phan Thiet in southern Vietnam, about 1,600 kilometers from the national capital Hanoi.
The Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Urakami of Nagasaki is a witness of persecution of Christians from 17th to 19th centuries and deadly atomic bombing during the Second World War. This European-style, red-brick church continues to preserve some relics that survived the atomic bombing. Urakami cathedral, also known as St. Mary’s Cathedral, was almost destroyed when the atomic bomb was dropped on Aug. 9, 1945. The church stood about 500 meters from the hypocenter of atomic explosion. The devastation shattered and charred stone-made statues of saints, which were later preserved as relics along with the surviving head of Virgin Mary statue and one of the church’s original bells.
Our Lady of Akita Catholic Church is Yuzawadai is among the most famous churches in Japan. The church shot into global fame thanks to a wooden statue of Blessed Virgin Mary that wept 101 times and Marian apparitions to Japanese nun Sister Agnes Katsuko Sasagawa that miraculously healed her hearing impairment. Japanese wooden sculptor Saburo Wakasa from Akita city carved the now-famous miraculous statue of Virgin Mary in 1963.
The Church of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception in Seria is a small church on the western Belait district of Brunei, but it shot into fame thanks to the nation’s most famous Catholic – late Cardinal Cornelius Sim. It is also the second of three churches in Brunei dedicated to Virgin Mary. In fact, Mary has a prominent place not only in Christianity, but also in Islam, the dominant faith in Brunei. Holy Quran mentions Mary seventy times and reveres her as the greatest woman to have ever lived.