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Explore South Asia's ancient dioceses

Cardinal Cheong

The cathedral of the first diocese in India.

St. Thomas the Apostle, who is believed to have arrived on Kerala’s Malabar Coast in 52 AD, is considered the father of the Catholic faith in India.

Christian communities developed and expanded further when European missionaries arrived in the 13th and 14th centuries.

The history of a few ancient dioceses in Asia can be dated back to 13th century pre-Portuguese mission expeditions.

Find out the oldest diocese in India here.

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Diocese of Kagoshima

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Diocese of Kagoshima
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In a land area of 9,044 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers Kagoshima prefecture.

Population

As of the end of 2016, the population in the diocesan area was 1,646,757. Most of them are ethnic Japanese. There are also 5,713 non-Japanese people, according to the Immigration Bureau of Japan.

Language

The territory also has many languages/dialects.

History

The prefecture apostolic of Kagoshima was established on March 18, 1927 when the two prefectures of Kagoshima and Okinawa were separated from the Nagasaki diocese and entrusted to Canadian Franciscans. The first administrator apostolic was Monsignor Egide Roy, O.F.M. Upon his resignation in 1936, Father Aijiro Yamaguchi was appointed as his successor. In 1940 Father Ichitaro Ideguchi was appointed prefect apostolic.

After World War II, Okinawa and the Southwest Islands came under American military occupation and were entrusted to American Capuchin Friars. Afterwards, when the Southwest Islands (Amamioshima Region) were returned to Japan, they were reunited to the prefecture apostolic of Kagoshima.

On Feb. 25, 1955, the prefecture apostolic of Kagoshima was elevated to the status of a diocese, and Monsignor Asajiro Satowaki was appointed the first bishop of Kagoshima. He was consecrated on May 3, 1955.

On Dec. 19, 1968 Bishop Satowaki was appointed archbishop of Nagasaki and on Nov. 15, 1969 Father Shin'ichi Itonaga was appointed his successor in Kagoshima. He was consecrated bishop on Jan. 18, 1970, and took office as bishop of Kagoshima.

Father Kenjiro Koriyama was appointed the successor of Bishop Itonaga on Dec. 3, 2005, and consecrated bishop of Kagoshima on Jan. 29, 2006.

Transportation

Airplanes, railways, buses and ships are modes of transportation in the diocesan area.

Education

Throughout Japan, literacy is 99 percent as the Central Intelligence Agency, US, reported in 2010.

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