In a land area of 45,147 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers the revenue districts of Chhatarpur, Rewa, Patna, Satna, Sidhi, Tikamgargh and Singrauli in the state of Madhya Pradesh in central India.
The diocese has a total population of 11,120,815 of which 17 percent belong to Scheduled Castes and 14 percent are to Scheduled Tribes as per the 2017 Census of India. Males constitute 53 percent and females 47 percent of the population and 15 percent of the population are under six years of age. Over 85 percent of the population are Hindus and the rest consists of Muslims, Sikhs, Jains and Christians.
The district has a population density of 249 persons per square kilometer.
The majority of the population speaks Bagheli, which is a derivate of Hindi. Hindi, Baghelkandi, Bunelkhandi and Urdu are used here.
The Apostolic Exarchate of Satna was erected on July 29, 1968 and was entrusted to the Vincentian Congregation (Syro-Malabar). It comprises seven civil districts in M.P, bifurcated from the diocese of Jabalpur, namely Satna, Chhatarpur, Panna, Rewa, Sidhi, Tikamgargh and Singraluli.
On Feb. 26, 1977, Pope Paul VI raised it to the rank of an eparchy. Mar Abraham D. Mattam was appointed the first Bishop of Satna. He was consecrated on April 30, 1977.
On Dec. 22, 1999 Mar Abraham Mattam retired and Mar Mathew Vaniakizhakkel was appointed on Jan. 14, 2000. He was ordained bishop and was installed on April 12, 2000.
Satna lies in one among the lime stone belts of India as a result of which Satna contributes around 8-9% of India's total cement production. Asia's biggest cement factory known as Prism Cement is in Satna. It is also home to one of the leading cables manufacturer of India, Universal Cables Limited.
The industries in the district include hand loom weaving, flour, oilseed milling, and the distribution of agricultural and fabric products via road and rail junction. Satna being on the important railway route is the goods-transport capital of the Vindhya region as most of the trade supplies to the region are unloaded and further supplied to other Vindhya regions from here.
Currently the economy is on the boom in the district. Satna is in the transient stage of transformation to a big city. As the city takes the trade hub stature, it follows a high intake of people immigrating from other regions to it and subsequent increase in the demand of goods and services need to be fulfilled, therefore a boom of companies in the areas of banking, commerce and trade, and consumer goods with big name are increasingly registering their presence in the region.
The economy of the district depends heavily on industries related to cement manufacturing, hand-loom, flour and oilseed milling and agricultural products.
During summer the maximum temperature reaches upto 45°Celsius and minimum at 22.3°Celsius. In winter, the maximum temperature goes upto 24°Celsius and the minimum comes down to 4°Celsius.
Asia's biggest cement factory known as Prism Cement is in Satna. It is also home to one of the leading cables manufacturer of India, Universal Cables Limited.
The economy of the district depends heavily on industries related to cement manufacturing, handloom, and oilseed milling and agricultural products.
Satna has an average literacy rate of 70 percent with male literacy 76 percent and female literacy 62 percent.