Gurgaon is a leading financial and industrial hub in India, situated in the National Capital Region near the Indian capital New Delhi in the state of Haryana. Gurgaon has become the city with the third highest per capita income in India. Gurgaon is center for more than 250 Fortune 500 companies.
Gurgaon has a population of 1,514,432.
The main language spoken in Gurgaon is Hindi, though a segment of the population understands English. The other regional languages include Mewati and Braj Bhasha.
Gurgaon was historically inhabited by the Hindus and formed part of an extensive kingdom ruled over by Rajputs of Yaduvansi tribe. The Rajputs were defeated by Muhammad of Ghor in 1196, but for two centuries they resisted the Muhammadian domination and they were subjected to punitive expedition. Under the rule of Feroz Shah Tughlaq, several of them were converted to Islam. This was followed by the invasion of Timur and the land was ruled by Khanzadas. It was then annexed by Babur. During Akbar's reign, Gurgaon fell within the governing regions of Delhi and Agra. As the Mughal Empire started to decline, the place was torn between contending powers. By 1803 most of it came under the British rule through the treaty of Surji Arjungaon with the Sindhias. The town was first occupied by the cavalry unit posted to watch the army of Begum Samru of Sirdhana.
In 1966, the city came under the administration of Haryana with the creation of the new state.
The major highway that links Gurgaon is National Highway 8. Public transport in Gurgaon is mostly provided by government buses and Metro. Rail services.
Gurgaon bus terminal, managed by Haryana Roadways.
Gurgaon is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport. The the airport is just outside the city limits and located within the jurisdiction of Delhi near National Highway 8.
Gurgaon experiences a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate. The city experiences four distinct seasons - spring (February - March), summer (April - August), fall/autumn (September - October) and winter (November-January), along with the monsoon season.
Gurgaon is located in Gurgaon district in the Indian state of Haryana and is situated in the south eastern part of the state, and northern part of the country. The city is located on the border with Delhi with New Delhi to its north east. The city has a total area of 282.7 square miles (738.8 km²)
For cellular voice module, most of the mobile network operators in Gurgaon use GSM technology, though a few carriers employ the CDMA platform. The mobile data service is offered through GPRS, CDMA, EDGE, UMTS/HSPA, WiMAX and LTE. Nine mobile phone service providers operate in Gurgaon - Airtel, Vodafone, Idea, Reliance, Tata Indicom, Aircel, MTS, Virgin Mobile and BSNL. Other dedicated Wireless Internet service providers operating in Gurgaon are Tikona, You Broadband and Touch Net.
The average land elevation is 711.9 ft (217 m) above sea level.
Hinduism is a predominant religion among the city's population. Gurgaon also includes adherents of Sikhism, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity and the Bahá'í, among others.
Historically occupied by distinct ethnic groups and traditionally engaged in farming, Gurgaon has seen a 360 degrees change of culture over the years. The city now has significant migrant population from almost all parts of India, who come to work in the city and are employed in all sectors from construction to Information technology across all profiles.