In a land area of 145,663 square kilometers, the diocesan territory covers civil districts of Greater Bombay, Thane, Raigad, Pune, Kolhapur, Satara, Solapppur, Sangli, Sindhudurg, Ratnagiri, Nashik, Dhule, Jalgon, Nandurbar and Ahmednagar in Maharashtra state.
Mumbai is the biggest city in the diocese. Pune, Thane, Kolhapur, Nashik are the other important cities and towns in the diocese.
Nearly 48,570,844 is the total population in the diocesan territory. Marathas form the major ethnic group.
Marathi, Hindi, Malayalam, Tamil and English are the languages used in the territory.
The history of the Kalyan diocese is much intertwined with the the Syro-Malabar Church in India. Having its roots in the Apostolic Ministry of St. Thomas , Christians migrated to different parts of India. They concentrated mainly in the big cities of India.
In Maharashtra, they were found mostly in Bombay, Pune and Nashik. The spiritual care of these regions are assisted by lay association like Kerala Catholic Association (Bombay) and St. Thomas Christians of India (Pune).
On Sept. 8, 1978, Pope John Paul II appointed Cardinal Antony Padiyara, the then archbishop of Changanacherry, as the apostolic visitor to study the situation. A pontifical commission was appointed and on the basis of its report came the establishment of new dioceses for the Syro-Malabar Christians of Bombay, Pune and Nashik regions. Thus, the birth of the diocese and the appointment of the first bishop took effect from April 30, 1988.
The episcopal ordination and the official inauguration of the diocese took place on Aug. 24, 1988.
After nine years of dedicated and pioneering work in the newly born diocese, Bishop Paul Chittilappilly was transferred to the diocese of Thamarassery in Kerala on Dec. 18, 1996. His successor and the second bishop of Kalyan diocese was Mar Thomas Elavanal, whose consecration was on Feb. 8, 1997.
The Cities are managed by corporations. The villages and small towns are administered by elected local bodies called panchayats and municipalities, respectively.
The diocesan area is well connected in terms of transport infrastructure by roads and railways. The nearest airport is in Mumbai city (formerly Bombay).
The per capita income in the diocesan territory is Rs 15,900 ($350) as of February 2011.
Agriculture, fishing are the major occupations in the diocesan area.
Government and private operators provide extensive telecommunication facilities in the diocesan area. The diocese is well connected by local cable TV networks.
Nearly 70 percent is the literacy rate in the diocesan territory.
Gonsalo's martyrdom at Nagasaki with the other Christian missionaries is regarded as the most tragic and historic event for Catholicism in Japan
Calungsod and his companion Father Vitores baptized infants, children and adults, defying the risk of persecution and murder
Despite being an ordinary layman, Ruiz remained defiant while facing torture by the Japanese and died a brave martyr
He was the first Korean-born Catholic priest and is now the patron saint of Korea
This fabled church is also known by its Syriac name Mar Sleeva (Holy Cross) Church
Asian Catholics who cannot visit famous Our Lady of Lourdes shrine in France can revere miraculous Mother Mary at Velankanni shrine in India. The Basilica of Our Lady of Good Health is popularly known as “the Lourdes of the East” and holds the largest Catholic Church in Asia.
Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica at Fort Kochi is one of the finest churches and a historic but also a landmark in Kerala state of southern India. Santa Cruz Church blends Indo-European and Gothic architectural style that draws tens of thousands of pilgrims and tourists every year. The cathedral is a great place of devotion and historic significance that survived colonial conquests and invasions to the city.
Mokama Marian shrine on the southern bank of Ganges River bears the legacy persecuted Nepali Catholics banished from their homeland to India for refusing to renounce their faith. Our Lady of Divine Grace Church at Mokama stands about 90 kilometers from Patna, the capital of eastern Indian state of Bihar. Mother Mary is popularly known as Mokama Mata (Mother of Mokama). The church was built to honor Mary in 1947.
The shrine holds a three-meter-tall, white-stone carved statue Virgin Mary on the Tao Pao Mountain in the Diocese of Phan Thiet in southern Vietnam, about 1,600 kilometers from the national capital Hanoi.
The Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Urakami of Nagasaki is a witness of persecution of Christians from 17th to 19th centuries and deadly atomic bombing during the Second World War. This European-style, red-brick church continues to preserve some relics that survived the atomic bombing. Urakami cathedral, also known as St. Mary’s Cathedral, was almost destroyed when the atomic bomb was dropped on Aug. 9, 1945. The church stood about 500 meters from the hypocenter of atomic explosion. The devastation shattered and charred stone-made statues of saints, which were later preserved as relics along with the surviving head of Virgin Mary statue and one of the church’s original bells.
Our Lady of Akita Catholic Church is Yuzawadai is among the most famous churches in Japan. The church shot into global fame thanks to a wooden statue of Blessed Virgin Mary that wept 101 times and Marian apparitions to Japanese nun Sister Agnes Katsuko Sasagawa that miraculously healed her hearing impairment. Japanese wooden sculptor Saburo Wakasa from Akita city carved the now-famous miraculous statue of Virgin Mary in 1963.
The Church of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception in Seria is a small church on the western Belait district of Brunei, but it shot into fame thanks to the nation’s most famous Catholic – late Cardinal Cornelius Sim. It is also the second of three churches in Brunei dedicated to Virgin Mary. In fact, Mary has a prominent place not only in Christianity, but also in Islam, the dominant faith in Brunei. Holy Quran mentions Mary seventy times and reveres her as the greatest woman to have ever lived.