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All you need to know about the Church in Myanmar

“I write these lines as a spiritual leader, empathizing with the sentiments of millions of people at this moment… I write with love towards all, seeking a durable solution, praying for an end forever to the periodic darkness that envelops our dear nation…”

~ Cardinal Charles Maung Bo, Archbishop of Yangon, wrote in a message to the people of Myanmar and the international community following the Feb. 1 military coup in the Southeast Asian nation.

What is going on in Myanmar? What is the Catholic Church calling for today?

What is the local Catholic population? How many dioceses, bishops are there…

All you need to know about the Church in Myanmar in one click
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Archdiocese of Calcutta

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Archdiocese of Calcutta
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The diocesan land area of 29, 857 square kilometers includes West Bengal's major urban centers – Kolkata, Kharagpur and Haldia port. The total population of 34,656,781 is a mix of ethnicities and religions.

Language

Bengali is the official language of West Bengal, but English is the official language used by the archdiocese.

History

The first Christian settlements in Bengal appear at the end of the 16th century around the basilica in Bandel, which was buit in 1599 beside the Hooghly River. In 1834, at the petition of Calcutta Catholics, the Holy See erected the Vicariate of Bengal and entrusted it to the English Province of the Society of Jesus, and at the end of 1838 to the diocesan clergy.

On Feb. 17, 1845, the Holy See divided the Vicariate of Bengal into the Vicariates of Calcutta and Chittagong, the latter to be administered by its own Ordinary under the direction of the Apostolic Vicar of Calcutta. On Feb. 15, 1850, the two Vicariates of Calcutta and Chittagong were constituted as the independent Ecclesiastical units of West Bengal and East Bengal, respectively.

In 1856, at the request of Msgr. Oliffe, Apostolic Vicar of West Bengal, the Holy See entrusted the Vicariate to the Belgian Jesuits. The Vicariate was elevated to the Archdiocese of Calcutta in 1886. 

Political

The Communist Party of India (Marxist) ruled the state from 1977 until May 2011, when the Trinamool Congress defeated the world's longest-serving elected communist government.

Culture

Famous for Rabindrasangeet music, Baul (traditional country songs with accompaniment on a one-stringed wooden instrument), folk theatre.

The most well-known Catholic pilgrimage centres in the archdiocese are the Basilica of the Holy Rosary in Bandel and Mother Teresa's tomb in the Missionaries of Charity motherhouse in Kolkata.

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