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Diocese of Xiangyang

Diocese of Xiangyang
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The Roman Catholic Diocese of Xiangyang/Siangyang is a suffragan Latin diocese in the Ecclesiastical province of the Metropolitan Archbishopric of Hankou in central China, yet it depends on the missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. Its episcopal see is located in the city of Xianyang. No statistics available.

Vacant since 1974, without Apostolic administrator.

Population

In 2017, population of the prefecture-level city was 5.65 million, in which 3.37 million were urban residents.

History

  • Established on May 25, 1936 as Apostolic Prefecture of Xiangyang on territory split off from the then Apostolic Vicariate of Laohekou
  • May 10, 1951: Promoted as Diocese of Xiangyang

Transportation

Xiangyang is a railway junction for the Xiangyang-Chongqing (Xiangyu), Hankou-Danjiangkou (Handan), and Jiaozuo-Liuzhou (Jiaoliu) Railways. Three National Highways including Route 207 pass through the city. The Han River and four other rivers are open to commercial transport year-round. The Xiangyang Liuji Airport has commercial airline services to major cities throughout China including Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou.

With Xiangyang-Ningbo Port International Sea-railway Combined Transportation, “Xiangyang-Wuhan-Europe” Central Europe Freight Trains, three-dimensional international logistics channels have been established. Economic ties with countries and areas along the “Belt and Road” are getting closer and closer.

Climate

Xiangyang has a monsoon-influenced, four season humid subtropical climate, with cold, damp (but comparatively dry), winters, and hot, humid summers.

Geography

Xiangyang has a latitude range of 31° 14'−32° 37' N, or 154 km (96 mi), and longitude range of 110° 45'−113° 43' E, or 220  km (137 mi), and is located on the middle reaches of the Hanshui, a major tributary of the Yangtze River. The urban area, however, has a latitude range of 31° 54'−32° 10' N, or 29 km (18 mi), and longitude range of 112° 00'−112° 14' E, or 21 km (13 mi). It borders Suizhou to the east, Jingmen and Yichang to the south, Shennongjia and Shiyan to the west, and  Nanyang  (Henan) to the north. Its administrative border has a total length of 1,332.8 km (828.2 mi).

Economy

Xiangyang possesses large water energy resources whilst its mineral deposits include rutile, ilmenite, phosphorus, barite, coal, iron, aluminum, gold, manganese, nitre, and rock salt. The reserves of rutile and ilmenite rank highly in China. Textile production is the mainstay industry of Xiangyang followed by machinery manufacture, chemical processing, electronics, and manufacture of construction materials. Agricultural resources are significant with Xiangyang's chief farm products including grain, cotton, vegetable oil crops, tobacco, tea and fruit. As the home of Dongfeng Motors, Xiangyang is a well known automobile hub and partners with foreign manufacturers to produce Nissan and Infiniti models for domestic sales. In addition, there are a number of chemical fibre enterprises in the city including Birla Jingwei Fibres, a member of the Aditya Birla Group. The city has also invested in many industrial, technology and clean energy parks.

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Xiangyang administers 9 county-level divisions, including 3 districts, 3 county-level cities and 3 counties. These are further divided into 159 township-level divisions, including 106 towns, 29 townships and 24 subdistricts.

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