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Diocese of Shantou
Diocese of Shantou

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Shantou/Swatow is a diocese located in the city of Shantou in the  Ecclesiastical province  of  Guangzhou in China.

Shantou, alternately romanized as Swatow and sometimes known as Santow, is a prefecture-level city on the eastern coast of Guangdong, China, with a total population of 5,391,028 as of 2010 and an administrative area of 2,064 square kilometres (797 sq mi).

History

  • April 6, 1914: Established as Apostolic Vicariate of Chaozhou from the Apostolic Vicariate of Guangdong
  • August 18, 1915: Renamed as Apostolic Vicariate of Shantou
  • April 11, 1946: Promoted as Diocese of Shantou

Transportation

Public transportation is provided by bus, ferry, bike sharing system and taxi. Residents also travel by private car and  motorbikes.

A metro system is planned with construction of 3 lines (Lines 1, 2, and 3) commencing in 2018 and opening of the system planned in 2020.

Climate

Shantou has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate, with short, mild to warm winters, and long, hot, humid summers. Winter begins sunny and dry but becomes progressively wetter and cloudier. Spring is generally overcast, while summer brings the heaviest rains of the year though is much sunnier; there are 8.2 days annually with 50 mm (1.97 in) of rainfall. Autumn is sunny and dry. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 14.7 °C (58.5 °F) in January to 29.1 °C (84.4 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 21.53 °C (70.8 °F). The annual rainfall is around 1,618 mm (64 in), about 60% of which occurs from May to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 28% in March to 58% in July and October, the city receives 1,979 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Geography

Shantou is located in eastern Guangdong with latitude spanning 23°02′33″ – 23°38′50″ N and longitude 116°14′40″ – 117°19′35″ E; the Tropic of Cancer passes through the northern part of the city, and along it there is a monument, in fact the easternmost in mainland China, at 23°26′33″N 116°35′20″E. The highest peak in the city's administration is Mount Dajian on Nan'ao Island, at 587 m (1,926 ft); the highest peak on the geographic mainland is Mount Lianhua, at 562 m (1,844 ft) in Chenghai District. The city is located at the mouths of the Han, Rong, and Lian Rivers.

Shantou is 187 miles (301 km) north of Hong Kong.

Economy

Shantou's economy is medium by Guangdong standards. Manufacturing accounts for a large and increasing share of employment. Canning, garments, lithography, plastic, and toys are some of the principal products. Toy manufacturing is the city's leading export industry, with 400 million U.S. dollars worth of exports each year.

Guiyu, a populous town in Chaoyang District, is the biggest electronic waste site on earth. Health-environmental issues incurred have concerned international organizations such as Greenpeace.

In 2000, the biggest tax fraud in the history of the People's Republic of China was uncovered, estimated worthy of 32.3  billion yuan.

In 2017, the analyzed data of Shantou GDP is approximately 230 billion yuan($35.4 billion USD).

Religion

Most of the population in Shantou is non-religious or practices traditional folk religions, Buddhism, Taoist rites, or worship of gods and ancestors. About 2% of the population belongs to an organised religion, with 40,000 Protestants, 20,000 Catholics  and 500 Muslims. St. Joseph's Cathedral of Shantou is the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Shantou.

The Union of Catholic Asian News (UCA News, UCAN) is the leading independent Catholic news source in Asia.
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