The diocese covers 3 downtown districts, 2 cities and 4 counties with an area of 9,411 square kilometers.
The vast majority of the population is the Han ethnic. In the census conducted in 2000, there were only about 22,700 people from 47other ethnic groups.
Besides official Mandarin, like the majority of areas in Zhejiang, most people from Taizhou speak a dialect of Wu Chinese, which is not mutually intelligible with Mandarin.
Erected as a vicariate apostolic in 1926, Taizhou was elevated to a diocese on April 11, 1946. The first apostolic vicar, Bishop Joseph Hu was among the first six Chinese bishops ordained by Pope Pius XI in 1926.
The church in Taizhou was seriously affected during the Cultural Revolution (1966-76) and there was no single priest in the diocese. Without a pastor, the flock received no formation and care, and the Catholic population started to age. Over the years, some pious and zealous Catholics helped claim the Church asset.
With the support from neighboring dioceses, seminarians were recruited and invited from the Shaanxi and Shanxi provinces. Then Father Anthony Xu was incardinated from the Ningbo Diocese and was named administrator to take care of the diocesan affair.
Taizhou was once a relatively inaccessible area. This has changed due to large infrastructure restructuring in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Presently, Taizhou is served by the Yongtaiwen Expressway, linking the city with Ningbo in the north and Wenzhou in the south. Huangyan Luqiao Airport in the city's Huangyan District serves daily flights to Beijing and Shanghai Hongqiao, and regular flights to other Chinese cities. In September 2009, the high-speed rail line, Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou Railway, opened and Taizhou has several stations along route including the main station in Huangyan District called Taizhou Railway Station.
Taizhou has a subtropical monsoon climate. Regulated by the mountains on its west and the sea on the east, climate is wild with the absence of extreme hot summer nor severely cold winter. It has a yearly average of 16.8 degrees Celsius and an annual precipitation of 1,320 mm.
Taizhou is located at the middle of the coastline of the Zhejiang province. With the East China Sea to its east, Taizhou has a coastline of 651 kilometers.
The economic development in Taizhou is an exemplary model in China. It is characterized with 97 percent of privatized investment. The GDP per capita tops the list in the country.
Besides the rich fishery, the production of motor bikes and sewing machines are well known.
Geely AutoMobile founded in Taizhou which completed its acquisition of Volvo in 2010, is one of China's top ten auto manufacturers.
The Tiantaishan Temple where the Tiantai, (an important school of Buddhism in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam originates) is located here. In Japan the school is known as Tendai, and in Korea it is known as Cheontae.
Another tourist spot, the Linhai Ancient Great Wall, is the only Great Wall in southern China.
Gonsalo's martyrdom at Nagasaki with the other Christian missionaries is regarded as the most tragic and historic event for Catholicism in Japan
Calungsod and his companion Father Vitores baptized infants, children and adults, defying the risk of persecution and murder
Despite being an ordinary layman, Ruiz remained defiant while facing torture by the Japanese and died a brave martyr
He was the first Korean-born Catholic priest and is now the patron saint of Korea
This fabled church is also known by its Syriac name Mar Sleeva (Holy Cross) Church
Asian Catholics who cannot visit famous Our Lady of Lourdes shrine in France can revere miraculous Mother Mary at Velankanni shrine in India. The Basilica of Our Lady of Good Health is popularly known as “the Lourdes of the East” and holds the largest Catholic Church in Asia.
Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica at Fort Kochi is one of the finest churches and a historic but also a landmark in Kerala state of southern India. Santa Cruz Church blends Indo-European and Gothic architectural style that draws tens of thousands of pilgrims and tourists every year. The cathedral is a great place of devotion and historic significance that survived colonial conquests and invasions to the city.
Mokama Marian shrine on the southern bank of Ganges River bears the legacy persecuted Nepali Catholics banished from their homeland to India for refusing to renounce their faith. Our Lady of Divine Grace Church at Mokama stands about 90 kilometers from Patna, the capital of eastern Indian state of Bihar. Mother Mary is popularly known as Mokama Mata (Mother of Mokama). The church was built to honor Mary in 1947.
The shrine holds a three-meter-tall, white-stone carved statue Virgin Mary on the Tao Pao Mountain in the Diocese of Phan Thiet in southern Vietnam, about 1,600 kilometers from the national capital Hanoi.
The Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Urakami of Nagasaki is a witness of persecution of Christians from 17th to 19th centuries and deadly atomic bombing during the Second World War. This European-style, red-brick church continues to preserve some relics that survived the atomic bombing. Urakami cathedral, also known as St. Mary’s Cathedral, was almost destroyed when the atomic bomb was dropped on Aug. 9, 1945. The church stood about 500 meters from the hypocenter of atomic explosion. The devastation shattered and charred stone-made statues of saints, which were later preserved as relics along with the surviving head of Virgin Mary statue and one of the church’s original bells.
Our Lady of Akita Catholic Church is Yuzawadai is among the most famous churches in Japan. The church shot into global fame thanks to a wooden statue of Blessed Virgin Mary that wept 101 times and Marian apparitions to Japanese nun Sister Agnes Katsuko Sasagawa that miraculously healed her hearing impairment. Japanese wooden sculptor Saburo Wakasa from Akita city carved the now-famous miraculous statue of Virgin Mary in 1963.
The Church of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception in Seria is a small church on the western Belait district of Brunei, but it shot into fame thanks to the nation’s most famous Catholic – late Cardinal Cornelius Sim. It is also the second of three churches in Brunei dedicated to Virgin Mary. In fact, Mary has a prominent place not only in Christianity, but also in Islam, the dominant faith in Brunei. Holy Quran mentions Mary seventy times and reveres her as the greatest woman to have ever lived.