Jinan Diocese covers 7 cities, 3 counties and manages 1 county city including: Shizhong District, Lixia District, Tianqiao District, Huaiyin District, Licheng District, Zhangqing District, Gaoxin District, Pingyin District, Jiyang District, Shanghe County and Zhangyiu City
In Jinan metropolis, the population is 5,900,000 at the end of 2004, with a total of 2.54 million living in urban areas. (The population of the whole country is 1.31 billion in 2006). Jinan's population is predominantly Han (98.3%), with very small portions of Hui and Manchu Chinese. There are 55 ethnic minorities in China. Among them the ethnicity of Zhuang is the largest with more than 16 million. Jinan has a significant Muslim community centered in the city's Muslim quarter, located to the west of the historical center. Since the 5th century, Buddhism had flourished in Jinan.
The younger people of Jinan are more likely to speak standard Mandarin, whereas many older residents retain strong local dialect elements in their speech.
When it was in 1636, Jesuit priest Father Nicholas Longobardi came to Jinan and he was the first missioner here. Jinan Reduccione was under the jurisdiction of Diocese of Macau and later Nanjing Apostolic Prefecture. In 1690, Beijing Diocese was erected and Jinan Reduccione came under the administration of Beijing.
After the death of Bishop Cayetano Pires Pireira, Apostolic Administrator from Beijing Diocese, Pope Gregorius XVI set up the Apostolate Vicariate of Shandong and appointed Father Bishop Lodovico Maria (dei Conti) Besi to be the first vicar in 1839. In 1848, a seminary was set up in Shandong for priestly formation. In 1863, the chancery and seminary were removed to Jinan. In 1870, Bishop Eligio Pietro Cosi was ordained the Coadjutor of Shandong. According to statistics in 1886, the numbers of Catholics reached 16,356, parishes were more than 200 while there were 25 priests and 11 of them were Chinese.
In 1889, Vicariate Apostolate of Eastern Shandong was erected and Jinan was then called the "Northern Shandong." In 1946, Jinan was elevated to Archdiocese of Jinan (Tsinan). During the Cultural Revolution in the 1970s, all religious activities were suspended. Not until after 1978, churches and the Holy Spirit Seminary were reopened after the nation's religion policy was gradually realized. During the recent 20 years, over 20 priests were ordained. Like all other dioceses in China, the government-sanctioned open Church community recognizes it as the "diocese" of Jinan.
Jinghu Railway that runs from Beijing to Shanghai is the major north-south backbone of the railway system in eastern China. In Jinan, it intersects with Jiaoji Railway that connects Jinan to the sea port of Qingdao to the east. In addition, Hanji Railway connects Jinan to the city of Handan (Hebei Province) in the west. Within Shandong Province, Jinghu Railway connects Jinan with the cities of Dezhou, Tai'an, Jining, and Zaozhuang; Jiaoji Railway provides a link to the cities of Zibo, Qingdao, and Weifang; Hanji Railway serves the cities of Yancheng and Liaocheng.
Major expressways include China National Highway 104, China National Highway 220, and China National Highway 309. Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport has domestic flights to many of the major cities in China as well as to international destinations, in particular Seoul and Singapore.
Jinan has four distinct seasons. The city is dry and rainless in spring, hot and rainy in summer, crisp in autumn and dry and cold in winter. It falls into the warm temperate continental monsoon climate zone.
Information Technology, transportation tools, home appliances, bio-engineered products, etc. have become important components of the area's industry.
Jinan is the capital of Shandong province. The area of present-day Jinan has evolved into an important administrative, economic, and transportation hub. The city is located in north-western Shandong, it borders Liaocheng to the southwest, Dezhou to the northwest, Binzhou to the northeast, Zibo to the east, Laiwu to the southeast and Tai'an to the south. Jinan is also called "City of Springs", because of the many artesian springs.
This fabled church is also known by its Syriac name Mar Sleeva (Holy Cross) Church
Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica at Fort Kochi is one of the finest churches and a historic but also a landmark in Kerala state of southern India. Santa Cruz Church blends Indo-European and Gothic architectural style that draws tens of thousands of pilgrims and tourists every year. The cathedral is a great place of devotion and historic significance that survived colonial conquests and invasions to the city.
Mokama Marian shrine on the southern bank of Ganges River bears the legacy persecuted Nepali Catholics banished from their homeland to India for refusing to renounce their faith. Our Lady of Divine Grace Church at Mokama stands about 90 kilometers from Patna, the capital of eastern Indian state of Bihar. Mother Mary is popularly known as Mokama Mata (Mother of Mokama). The church was built to honor Mary in 1947.
Our Lady of Akita Catholic Church is Yuzawadai is among the most famous churches in Japan. The church shot into global fame thanks to a wooden statue of Blessed Virgin Mary that wept 101 times and Marian apparitions to Japanese nun Sister Agnes Katsuko Sasagawa that miraculously healed her hearing impairment. Japanese wooden sculptor Saburo Wakasa from Akita city carved the now-famous miraculous statue of Virgin Mary in 1963.
The Church of the Visitation in Seremban relishes the treasured legacy of pioneering French missionaries who introduced Catholicism in Kuala Lumpur and surrounding region in the 19th century. The first and oldest Church in Kuala Lumpur became a springboard of evangelization following the arrival of French missionary priest Father Pierre Favre from Paris Foreign Mission Society (MEP). Before settling down in Seremban he carried out missionary activities in the area from hismission station in Malacca.
St. Mary’s Cathedral Church in Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand state, is the mother church in the tribal belt of eastern India, where Belgian Jesuits laid the foundation of Catholicism in 19th century. This brownish Church, dedicated to the Immaculate Conception of Virgin Mary, stands on Dr. Camil Bulcke Path and nestles between St. Xavier’s College and St. Albert Major Seminary.
Basilica of Our Lady of Graces in Sardhana is a historic church that lives the memory of love and benevolence of the sole female Roman Catholic ruler in India. Our Lady of Graces Church of Sardhana stands at Meerut district in Uttar Pradesh of northern India. Consecrated in 1822, this 200-feet long church with a high central dome over the main altar, is one of the largest churches in northern India.
Saint Thomas Cathedral Basilica at Mylapore is a monumental declaration on ancient root of Christianity in India. The church was built over the tomb of St. Thomas, the Apostle who is believed to have preached Christianity in India. The cathedral preserves 2000-year-old bones of the saint and the lance that pierced him to death. Popularly known as Santhome Church, the cathedral at Chennai (formerly Madras) in Tamil Nadu state was constructed during the Portuguese era in the 16th century. “San Thome” assumes its name from St. Thomas.