Archdiocese of Hangzhou
Archdiocese of Hangzhou

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hangzhou/Hangchow is an archdiocese located in the city of Hangzhou in China. The Archdiocese has not had a bishop with a papal mandate since 1956. Matthew Cao Xiangde was appointed bishop by the Patriotic Association but not recognized by the Vatican.


  • May 10, 1910: Established as Apostolic Vicariate of Western Chekiang from the Apostolic Vicariate of Chekiang
  • December 3, 1924: Renamed as Apostolic Vicariate of Hangzhou
  • April 11, 1946: Promoted as Metropolitan Archdiocese of Hangzhou



Hangzhou is located in northwestern Zhejiang province, at the southern end of the Grand Canal of China, which runs to Beijing, in the south-central portion of the Yangtze River Delta. Its administrative area (sub-provincial city) extends west to the mountainous parts of Anhui province, and east to the coastal plain near Hangzhou Bay. The city center is built around the eastern and northern sides of the West Lake, just north of the Qiantang River.


Two of the Three Pillars of Chinese Catholicism were from Hangzhou. There was persecution of Christians in the early 21st century in the city.

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