The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hangzhou (Hangchow) belongs to the city of Hangzhou. Hangzhou is a sub-provincial city, whose history dates back to 200 BC. It has 10 districts, one county-level city, and two counties, and is one of the oldest cities in China. The current bishop of Hangzhou, Matthew Cao Xiangde, was appointed by the Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association (CPCA) but he has not been approved by the Holy See. The Archdiocese of Hangzhou has not had a bishop recognized by the Holy See since 1956.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hangzhou was first established as the Apostolic Vicariate of Western Chekiang on May 10, 1910, from the Apostolic Vicariate of Chekiang. It was later renamed on December 3, 1924, as the Apostolic Vicariate of Hangzhou. On April 11, 1946, the Apostolic Vicariate was promoted to the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Hangzhou.
Located towards the northwest of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou city situates at the southern end of the Grand Canal of China. The administrative area of Hangzhou covers the mountainous parts of the Anhui province towards the west and the coastal plain near Hangzhou Bay towards the east. The eastern and northern parts of the West Lake form the city centre.
Li Zhizao and Yáng Tíngyún, two of the Three Great Pillars of Chinese Catholicism, were from the city of Hangzhou. The early 21st-century history records Christian persecution in the area.
This fabled church is also known by its Syriac name Mar Sleeva (Holy Cross) Church
St. Mary’s Cathedral Church in Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand state, is the mother church in the tribal belt of eastern India, where Belgian Jesuits laid the foundation of Catholicism in 19th century. This brownish Church, dedicated to the Immaculate Conception of Virgin Mary, stands on Dr. Camil Bulcke Path and nestles between St. Xavier’s College and St. Albert Major Seminary.
Basilica of Our Lady of Graces in Sardhana is a historic church that lives the memory of love and benevolence of the sole female Roman Catholic ruler in India. Our Lady of Graces Church of Sardhana stands at Meerut district in Uttar Pradesh of northern India. Consecrated in 1822, this 200-feet long church with a high central dome over the main altar, is one of the largest churches in northern India.
Saint Thomas Cathedral Basilica at Mylapore is a monumental declaration on ancient root of Christianity in India. The church was built over the tomb of St. Thomas, the Apostle who is believed to have preached Christianity in India. The cathedral preserves 2000-year-old bones of the saint and the lance that pierced him to death. Popularly known as Santhome Church, the cathedral at Chennai (formerly Madras) in Tamil Nadu state was constructed during the Portuguese era in the 16th century. “San Thome” assumes its name from St. Thomas.
St. Joseph’s Church in Lahore is the oldest Catholic Church in Pakistan that has flourished since the 19th century despite deadly sectarian violence in recent years. The church at Sarfaraz Rafiqui Road in Lahore was established as a wooden structure during the British colonial era, on Oct. 31, 1842, to provide pastoral care to the British soldiers. It completed 180 years this year.
Mokama Marian shrine on the southern bank of Ganges River bears the legacy persecuted Nepali Catholics banished from their homeland to India for refusing to renounce their faith. Our Lady of Divine Grace Church at Mokama stands about 90 kilometers from Patna, the capital of eastern Indian state of Bihar. Mother Mary is popularly known as Mokama Mata (Mother of Mokama). The church was built to honor Mary in 1947.
The Cathedral of Good Shepherd in Singapore is a historic National Monument, but it also holds first-class relics of a French saint who brought Catholicism on the shores of city-state two centuries ago. Built in 1847, the Good Shepherd Cathedral is the oldest Catholic Church and mother church of all Catholic churches in Singapore.
Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica at Fort Kochi is one of the finest churches and a historic but also a landmark in Kerala state of southern India. Santa Cruz Church blends Indo-European and Gothic architectural style that draws tens of thousands of pilgrims and tourists every year. The cathedral is a great place of devotion and historic significance that survived colonial conquests and invasions to the city.