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Diocese of Fushun

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Diocese of Fushun
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The Roman Catholic Diocese of Fushun is a suffragan Latin diocese in the Ecclesiastical province of the metropolitan of Shenyang in PR China.

Its cathedral episcopal see is a Cathedral of St. Joseph, located in the city of Fushun.

Population

Fushun has 2.14 million inhabitants, including 1.34 million in the urban area. It is now part of the Shenyang-Fushun built-up area (comprising all the urban and suburban districts of Shenyang and Fushun) which was home to 6,756,379 inhabitants in 2010. This makes Shenyang-Fushun the 8th most populous built up area in China after the Pearl River Delta conurbation of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Foshan, Jiangmen, Zhongshan and Huizhou, then  Shanghai Suzhou, Beijing, Tianjin, Hangzhou-Shaoxing, Wuhan and Nanjing.

History

  • Established on February 4, 1932 as the Apostolic Prefecture of Fushun, on territory split off from the Apostolic Vicariate of Shenyang 
  • Promoted on February 13, 1940 as Apostolic Vicariate of Fushun 
  • April 11, 1946: Promoted as Diocese of Fushun, ending its missionary exempt, pre-dicoesan status, yet it still depends on the missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

Transportation

Fushun is located 40 km (25 mi) from Shenyang Taoxian airport. Railways and highways connect the city to Shenyang and Jilin Province. The seaports of Dalian and Yingkou are also nearby, 400 and 200 km (250 and 120 mi) away respectively, with good highway connections.

Economy

Fushun is a highly industrialized area and nicknamed "the City of Coal". It has developed as a thriving center for fuel, power and raw materials and is also offering more and more opportunities in textiles and electronics. One of the world's largest open-pit coal mines, the West Open Mine, is located south of the city. Exploited from the 12th century, it was operated as an open pit mine during the 20th and early 21st Century; however, as of 2015, the West Open pit, 1,000 feet deep, with an area of 4.2 square miles, was exhausted and unstable. Total coal production in Fushun as a whole had fallen below 3 million tons, down from 18.3 million tons in 1962. Fushun has a major aluminum-reduction plant and factories producing automobiles, machinery, chemicals, cement, and rubber. 

The total GDP of the city of Fushun was 54.27 billion yuan in 2009 (ranked 4th out of the 58 cities and counties in Liaoning province). The GDP per capita of the city of Fushun was 40391 yuan in 2009. (ranked 21st out of all 58 cities and counties in Liaoning province).

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