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Diocese of Enshi
Diocese of Enshi

Located towards the southwest of Hubei province, Enshi Prefecture is Hubei's southwestern "panhandle". The prefecture shares its border with Hunan towards the south, and Chongqing Municipality towards the west and northwest, with the Yangtze River flowing through Enshi’s northeastern corner in Badong County.

History

Imperial: "Endless green mountains to walk on, endless clear water going away" (by a poet of the Tang dynasty)

Republican: Republic of China's Hubei provincial government was relocated to Enshi during the 1937-45 resistance war (against Japanese invasion and occupation).

The Roman Catholic Church had the Diocese of Shinan on the territory of today's Enshi Prefecture.

People's Republic of China: Badong County was the site of the Deng Yujiao incident.

Climate

Enshi City has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate, with short, cool winters, hot, humid summers, and high humidity year-round. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 5.0 °C (41.0 °F) in January to 26.7 °C (80.1 °F) in August, while the annual mean is 16.18 °C (61.1 °F). More than two-thirds of the annual precipitation of 1,470 millimeters (58 in) occurs from May to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 12% in January to 50% in August, the prefecture seat receives only 1,212 hours of bright sunshine annually; winter is especially overcast while July thru September is the sunniest period of the year.

Geography

The Enshi Prefecture, a mountainous belt situated towards the west end of Hubei, separates the Jianghan Plain of Hubei from the Sichuan Basin. Karst phenomena can be seen in the region. Tenglong Cave near Lichuan, in the Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, is a popular monomer karst cave system. Luoquanyan village in Xuan'en County has a 290-meter deep karst sinkhole towards the southwest of Hubei Province. The undisturbed location and favorable growing conditions of the underground landscape have made it a botanical wonder.

The 108-km long Enshi Grand Canyon has an incredible karst formation cliffs and spires. The ‘One Incense Pillar’, a 150-meter tall and four-meter wide stick-shaped structure in the Grand Canyon, has withstood several earthquakes and has stood in the canyon for more than a thousand years. The local residents regard the pillar as an incense stick and believe that it was given to them by a deity, to get through various disasters and crises faced by them.

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