Anhui Diocese covers 17 prefecture-level divisions: Hefei, Anqing, Bengbu, Bozhou, Chizhou, Chuzhou, Fuyang, Huaibei, Huainan, Huangshan, Lu'an, Ma'anshan, Suzhou, Tongling, Wuhu and Xuancheng. The 17 prefecture-level divisions of Anhui are further subdivided into 105 county-level divisions (44 districts, five county-level cities, and 56 counties).
There were around 59 million people in the diocesan territory, in 2010.
Mandarin and local dialects are used in the diocesan territory.
Wuhe county was the first place in Anhui where Catholic faith was introduced. Father Johann Adam Schall vonBell came to Anhui to preach, in the year 1649. During the late period of Qing dynasty, Wuhe was once again seen as a base of French Jesuits to preach the Catholic faith in the northern part of Anhui.
The Apostolic Vicariate of Anhui was split from the Apostolic Vicariate of Kiang-nan (Jiangnan) in 1921 and was renamed in 1924 as the Apostolic Vicariate of Wuhu. Five years later, Bengbu and Anqing (Anking) were separated from Wuhu and became apostolic vicariates.
In 1946, the three apostolic vicariates were elevated to the status of a diocese, with Anqing being designated a metropolitan archdiocese. They were served by Jesuits from Spain and Italy. Soon after the establishment of the Peoples' Republic of China in the early 1950’s, foreign missioners were expelled and all religious activities were suspended in the time of the Cultural Revolution.
In 2001, due to an acute shortage of the clergy, the dioceses of Wuhu, Bengbu, Anqing and the Apostolic Vicariate of Tunxi were merged to form the Diocese of Anhui. However, the Holy See does not recognize the changes.
Conventional railways in Anhui include the Beijing-Shanghai Railway, Beijing-Kowloon Railway, and Nanjing-Xi'an Railway that traverse the province north of the Yangtze River, and the Nanjing-Tongling Railway, Anhui-Jiangxi Railway and Xuancheng-Hangzhou Railway that run south of the river. High-speed lines include Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway, Hefei-Wuhan Passenger Railway and Hefei-Nanjing Passenger Railway.
As with a diverse topography, Anhui province differs in climate, from north to south. The north of Anhui is more temperate and has more clear-cut seasons. In January, temperatures average at around -1 to 2 degree Celsius north of the Huai He, and 0 to 3 degrees Celsius south of the Huai He; in July, temperatures average at 27 degrees Celsius or above. Plum rains occur in June and July and it may cause flooding.
Anhui's primary industry accounts for 15 percent of the GDP, a 50 percent higher than the national average of 10 percent. Major crops include rice, wheat and sweet potato. Anhui has a variety of natural resources including large iron deposits in Ma'anshan, coal mines in Huainan, and copper mines in Tongling.
Compared to the neighboring provinces on China's east coast, Anhui has not experienced the same rapid economic growth. As a result, Anhui's GDP per capita is around one-third of its neighbors, Zhejiang and Jiangsu. Hefei, Wuhu, and Ma'anshan have benefitted from their close location to Yangtze River, and as a result, they are significantly wealthier than the rest of the province, taking into account their industrial and manufacturing industries.
Anhui is an inland province located in eastern China, with Hefei as its capital. It is situated across the basins of the Yangtze River and the Huai River. Anhui borders Jiangsu province to the east, Zhejiang to the southeast, Jiangxi to the south, Hubei to the southwest, Henan to the northwest, and Shandong for small area in the north.
The name "Anhui" is derived from the names of two cities towards the south of Anhui, Anqing and Huizhou (now Huangshan City).
There are 12 universities in the province.
Huangmeixi or Huangmei tone that originated in the vicinage of Anqing in southwestern area of Anhui, is a form of traditional Chinese opera, popular in China. Huiju is a form of traditional opera that has had its beginnings in the Huizhou-speaking areas of southern Anhui, and is one of the major precursors of Beijing Opera. Luju is another form of traditional opera found across central Anhui, from east to west.
Anhui cuisine is one of the eight great traditions of Chinese cuisine. It combines the elements of cooking from northern Anhui, south-central Anhui, and the Huizhou-speaking areas of southern Anhui. Anhui cuisine is popular, as it uses wild herbs, taken from the land and the sea, and it uses relatively simpler methods of preparation.
The Province is also home to traditional calligraphic products: Xuanzhou (now Xuancheng) and Huizhou (now Huangshan City) are famed for the production Xuan Paper and Hui Ink. Those are traditionally considered the best types of paper and ink for Chinese calligraphy.
Gonsalo's martyrdom at Nagasaki with the other Christian missionaries is regarded as the most tragic and historic event for Catholicism in Japan
Calungsod and his companion Father Vitores baptized infants, children and adults, defying the risk of persecution and murder
Despite being an ordinary layman, Ruiz remained defiant while facing torture by the Japanese and died a brave martyr
He was the first Korean-born Catholic priest and is now the patron saint of Korea
This fabled church is also known by its Syriac name Mar Sleeva (Holy Cross) Church
Asian Catholics who cannot visit famous Our Lady of Lourdes shrine in France can revere miraculous Mother Mary at Velankanni shrine in India. The Basilica of Our Lady of Good Health is popularly known as “the Lourdes of the East” and holds the largest Catholic Church in Asia.
Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica at Fort Kochi is one of the finest churches and a historic but also a landmark in Kerala state of southern India. Santa Cruz Church blends Indo-European and Gothic architectural style that draws tens of thousands of pilgrims and tourists every year. The cathedral is a great place of devotion and historic significance that survived colonial conquests and invasions to the city.
Mokama Marian shrine on the southern bank of Ganges River bears the legacy persecuted Nepali Catholics banished from their homeland to India for refusing to renounce their faith. Our Lady of Divine Grace Church at Mokama stands about 90 kilometers from Patna, the capital of eastern Indian state of Bihar. Mother Mary is popularly known as Mokama Mata (Mother of Mokama). The church was built to honor Mary in 1947.
The shrine holds a three-meter-tall, white-stone carved statue Virgin Mary on the Tao Pao Mountain in the Diocese of Phan Thiet in southern Vietnam, about 1,600 kilometers from the national capital Hanoi.
The Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Urakami of Nagasaki is a witness of persecution of Christians from 17th to 19th centuries and deadly atomic bombing during the Second World War. This European-style, red-brick church continues to preserve some relics that survived the atomic bombing. Urakami cathedral, also known as St. Mary’s Cathedral, was almost destroyed when the atomic bomb was dropped on Aug. 9, 1945. The church stood about 500 meters from the hypocenter of atomic explosion. The devastation shattered and charred stone-made statues of saints, which were later preserved as relics along with the surviving head of Virgin Mary statue and one of the church’s original bells.
Our Lady of Akita Catholic Church is Yuzawadai is among the most famous churches in Japan. The church shot into global fame thanks to a wooden statue of Blessed Virgin Mary that wept 101 times and Marian apparitions to Japanese nun Sister Agnes Katsuko Sasagawa that miraculously healed her hearing impairment. Japanese wooden sculptor Saburo Wakasa from Akita city carved the now-famous miraculous statue of Virgin Mary in 1963.
The Church of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception in Seria is a small church on the western Belait district of Brunei, but it shot into fame thanks to the nation’s most famous Catholic – late Cardinal Cornelius Sim. It is also the second of three churches in Brunei dedicated to Virgin Mary. In fact, Mary has a prominent place not only in Christianity, but also in Islam, the dominant faith in Brunei. Holy Quran mentions Mary seventy times and reveres her as the greatest woman to have ever lived.