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Diocese of Barisal
Diocese of Barisal

Barisal is a city on the banks of Kirtankhola river in south-central Bangladesh. It is the largest city of Barisal Division and one of the oldest municipalities and river port of the country. Barisal is also the administrative headquarters of both Barisal district and Barisal Division.

The new diocese of Barisal has the diocese of Chittagong to the east, and the diocese of Khulna to the west.

Population

Barisal Diocese covers an area of  20.708 square km. Out of a  population of 15, 183, 927, Catholics make up to 29, 685.

The new diocese has 5 parishes with 13 diocesan priests, 6 religious priests, 4 religious men, 29 religious women and 3 major seminarians.

History

Barisal was a semi-independent area in the Mughal period due to the intense fighting between the Mughals and the Hindu chiefs. In the course of time, it fell under the Bengal Nawabs, the last being Raja Ramranjan Chakravarty, and the then colonial British India. It was later passed to East Pakistan at independence and then finally to Bangladesh.

The central city of this region is the city of Barisal, and is one of the biggest river ports of the area. It is a city with nearly 0.38 million people and a divisional headquarters, medical college, cadet college, some pharmaceutical industries, textile industries and the Bangladesh Inland Water Transport Authority's head office.

Barisal is a fast-growing city of Bangladesh. The country's first short take-off and landing airport has been completed in Barisal and a private Airlines named Air Bengal has begun its regular air flight between Dhaka Tejgaon Airport and Barisal. The city is sometimes called the "Venice of the East" or the "Venice of Bengal".

Climate

Barisal has a tropical wet and dry climate.

Economy

Barisal is a rice producing centre of Bangladesh. Balam (a kind of basmati) is the most popular rice in Barisal. It is also famous for Betel leaf, a typical south Asian chewing leaf. As Barisal is surrounded by river, fish is available in plenty there. As the Bengali saying goes, Dhannadikhal ai tine Barisal, which translates to "paddy, river and canal are the three things that make Barisal".

Coconut is a common fruit as the city is located near the coast. Barisal is also known for its hog plum.

Exports: Agricultural products, Hilsha fish, Medicine, Empty Gelatine Capsules, Anchor Cement etc.

Religion

The majority of Barisal's people are Muslims (89.50%), mainly Sunni Islam Hanafi. Other religious groups include Hindus (8.5%), and a very few numbers of other religions, mainly Christians (.4%) and Buddhists (0.6%).

Since 2015 end, the Catholic minority has had its own Roman Catholic Diocese in Barisal.

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