Church in Taiwan
Capital : Taipei
Population : 23.78 million
Catholics : 2,24,954 (0.95 %)
Jurisdictions : One Archdiocese, Six Dioceses
Parishes : 411
Major Religions : Buddhism 35.1%, Taoism 33%, Christianity 3.9%, Irreligious 18.7%, other 9.3%
Taiwan, an island just north of the Philippines and southeast of China, is officially called Republic of China. It was originally called Formosa and was inhabited by Taiwanese aboriginals until the Dutch period, which began with the arrival of Dutch East India Company in south of Taiwan in 1624.

The arrival of Spanish two years later in the north of the island helped introducing Christianity to Taiwanese Christians. The tribal people's first encounter with western culture, or rather with outsiders, did not help them appreciate the religion.

The re-emergence of Christianity began to happen only in 1859 with the return of the Dominicans’ to the south of Taiwan. Since then Christianity began to take root in the south and gradually spread to the north of Taiwan.

Taiwan has been part of the Catholic missionary jurisdiction since 16 century after the arrival of Portuguese in Asia in 1498. It was part of Diocese of Funchal in Portuguese, which the Portuguese set up in 1514. Later in 1576, diocese of Macau was established, which covered all of Mainland China and Macau Island. It was divided several times over the centuries to create many more dioceses in the region.

The arrival of Presbyterian missionaries in 1860s and they offering education and medical facilities helped many Taiwanese to embrace Christianity.

In 1949 the Chinese Nationalist government relocated itself to Taiwan and many Christians followed it. After the World War II, Taiwan needed help to survive and several western nations helped it, augmenting the advance of their religion.

Presbyterian mission in Taiwan began in 1865 when a missioner of English Presbyterian Church arrived in southern Taiwan. In 1872 a Canadian Presbyterian missionary arrived in the north. When the USA established Presbyterian Church in 1949, these two groups joined it to offer missionary services. Presbyterian Church in Taiwan was established in the 19th century.

Although Christians are a minority, Presbyterians play important roles in Taiwanese politics as they have been supporting Taiwan's movement for democracy. Four of its five presidents since 1949 have been Christians.

Major Christian denominations are Protestants, Catholics and Mormons. There are also non-denominational Christians.

According to statistics available in public domain some 3.9 percent of the Taiwan's 23.78 million people are Christian. However, some 62 percent of the Taiwanese population is working class people, of which only 0.5 percent people are Christian.

Catholics are roughly 0.5 to 2 percent of the population. They are now organized into seven dioceses including an archdiocese.
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