Church in Pakistan
Capital : Islamabad
Population : 201 million
Catholics : 1.33 million (0.66 %)
Jurisdictions : Two Archdioceses, Four Dioceses, One Apostolic Vicariate
Parishes : 125
Major Religions : Islam 96%, Christianity & Hinduism 4%
According to a tradition St. Thomas the Apostle passed through Taxila area of Pakistan in his pastoral journey through the subcontinent in the second half of the first century. An ancient stone cross found in this area of present Punjab province is taken as a sign of first century Christian presence in the area.

Although the origin of Christianity in Pakistan is not documented, a fakir (Muslim Sufi) sect of Thatta in Sind province claims its origins to St. Thomas.

The documented history of the Church begins with Mughal emperor Akbar inviting Father Jill Perera from Calcutta to Lahore in 1579. The Jesuits pioneered the Church in his era.

The first Church in the country was built on 27 September 1597 near Lahore fort. Mughal Emperor Jehangir, Akbar's son, ordered its closure in 1614. Ten years later the church was re-opened but demolished in 1632, on the orders of emperor Shah Jehan, Jehangir's son.

The mission proper began in the 19th century when military chaplaincies began in 1843 in Punjab and about the same time in Sindh provinces. The first to arrive were Capuchin and the Mill Hill missioners, and later Dominicans, Jesuits and Franciscans arrived.

Protestantism also began in the early 19th centaury following the arrival of British. Anglicans in Pakistan were part of the Anglican diocese of Calcutta, until 1877 when the diocese of Lahore was created for them. Methodists, Lutherans and Presbyterians also established themselves in the 20th century. But the three Churches, together with the Anglicans formed a union in 1970 calling itself the Church of Pakistan.

According to Pakistan's government data country has 1.27 million Christians in a population of 201 million people, mostly Muslims. According to the 2018 Catholic Directory of Pakistan the country has 1,333,450 Catholics.

Christians as a community have won laurels for being a peaceful community contributing in the fields of health care and education of the poor. Missioners introduced western education and established the top schools in the country.

The country has seven dioceses, including two archdioceses.
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