Church in Mongolia
Capital : Ulaanbaatar
Population : 3.2 million
Catholics : 1222
Jurisdictions : One Apostolic Prefecture
Parishes : Six
Major Religions : Buddhism 53%, Non-religious 38.6%, Islam 3%, Shamanism 2.9%, Christianity 2.2%, Others 0.4%
Catholicism was first introduced in the 13th century during Mongol empire, but died out with the demise of the Yuan Dynasty in 1368. New missionary activity only set in after the Second Opium War in the mid-19th century. A mission was founded for Outer Mongolia, giving Mongolia its first Catholic jurisdiction, but all work ceased within a year when a communist regime came to power.

With the introduction of democracy in 1991, Catholic missionaries returned and rebuilt the church from scratch. The Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (CICM) sent their priests Fathers to accomplish this mission once the Vatican had established diplomatic relations with Mongolia in 1992.

By 1996, Scheut Father Wince Padilla and 150 parishioners were on hand at the dedication of the first Catholic Church in Mongolian history. In 1997 the first papal nuncio to Mongolia from the Vatican was named. The new Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul in Ulaanbaatar is shaped like a traditional ger, with its circular tent shape and walls of thick felt.

A Mongolian version of the Catholic Bible was printed mid-2004; it is done in traditional Mongolian writing style and includes common Catholic prayers. The mission runs a kindergarten, English classes, a technical school, soup kitchens, two farms, and a care center for 120 disabled children. The Verbist Center has also taken in 120 street children who had previously been living in Ulaanbaatar's sewer system. A fourth parish was founded in 2007 in Darhan, Mongolia's second-largest city.

There are now 54 missionaries from various countries helping to build up the church. The flocking of Christian missionaries has been notable since the fall of communism, and Catholicism grew from no adherents in 1991 to over 600 in 2006, including about 350 native Mongolians.

There are around 1222 Catholics in the country who are served by three churches in the capital Ulaanbaatar.

The Union of Catholic Asian News (UCA News, UCAN) is the leading independent Catholic news source in Asia.
Union of Catholic Asian News Limited
P.O. Box 69626,
Kwun Tong,
Hong Kong