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Church in Brunei
Capital : Bandar Seri Begawan
Population : 459,000
Catholics : 17,000
Jurisdictions : One Apostolic Vicariate
Parishes : Three
Major Religions : Islam 67%, Buddhism 13%, Christianity 10%
Brunei is an Islamic country where Sharia law regulates life.

Evangelization is strictly forbidden in the country. Besides that, contact with Christians in other countries, the import of Bibles, and the public celebration of Christmas are also banned by decree. The teaching of non-Muslim religions in schools is prohibited, and marriages between Christians and Muslims too.

The country has some 459,900 people as of 2019. Christians account for some 10% of the population, but Catholics amount to 17,000, forming just 3.7% of the population. Catholics in Brunei find their roots in the ministry of the Missionary Society of St. Joseph(Mill Hill Missionaries).

Christianity first arrived in Brunei when Spanish missioners from Philippines preached there in the 16th century. For many years, the Church in Brunei was administered by various ecclesiastical jurisdictions based in Labuan, Jesselton(now Kota Kinabalu), Kuching and Miri cities of Malaysia.

The separation of Bruneian territory, formerly under the Diocese of Miri-Brunei(now known as the Diocese of Miri in Malaysia), created a distinct Bruneian Church. This separated territory was designated as an apostolic prefecture in November 1997, to be headed by the then Monsignor Cornelius Sim. This Bruneian priest was the vicar general of Miri-Brunei and was its first apostolic prefect.

The Apostolic Prefecture of Brunei Darussalam was established in February 22, 1998. On October 20, 2004, it was elevated to an apostolic vicariate. Monsignor Sim was named its first apostolic vicar, carrying the dignity of a titular bishop. The official celebrations and Episcopal ordination took place on January 21, 2005.

The Apostolic Vicariate of Brunei Darussalam covers the territory of Brunei, and the Apostolic Vicar Bishop Cornelius Sim leads it.
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