Easter blessings from UCAN
There is no more important week in the year for Christians than this Holy Week. We call it Holy because of the mystery we celebrate - God's gift of His son who loves us to his death on Calvary and beyond.
Because of that love, we wish each other Happy Easter even when we know there is a lot of tragedy about it - Good Friday. As Christians, we know that what we see happening with and in Jesus goes to the heart of what we know from our own experience of life.
At the Second Vatican Council, the Christian lives we all lead were described as being shares in the Paschal Mystery. We have our share in the death and resurrection of Jesus every day. Our lives are part of the Paschal Mystery.
At UCAN, we work to describe that mystery in the unfolding tragedies and astonishing blessings of the people we seek out and report, feature and comment on.
While at times deeply distressing work, this effort of ours gets its coherence in the same way the death of Jesus did - because of the astonishing grace of a God who never gives up on life and love.
Because of that, we can wish you Happy Easter.
Fr. Michael Kelly SJ
Victims of sexual abuse require justice
Anything less will further erode confidence in the Church and its representatives
- Virginia Saldanha, Mumbai
- February 20, 2012
The news of a symposium, â€śTowards Healing and Renewalâ€ť, organized at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome was welcomed with hope because it focused not only on the abuse of children but of vulnerable adults as well.Â The Papal message emphasizing that â€śhealing for victims must be of paramount concern in the Christian community and it must go hand in hand with a profound renewal of the Church at every levelâ€ť was encouraging.
Speaking on behalf of the Church in Asia, Archbishop Luis Antonio Tagle of Manila was characteristically humane.Â He pointed out two aspects in Asian culture that could trigger and conceal abuse and allow it to be overlooked not only by the victims themselves, but their community and families as well.
Womenâ€™s learned subordination to patriarchal authority cripples their response to various situations of oppression, especially in the area of sex and sexuality.Â A priest mediates God to his victims and wields power of divine authority. His position is manipulated to get access to and abuse victims.
Religious teaching on the position of a priest and womanâ€™s sexuality reinforce her feelings of guilt and consequent silence in situations of sex abuse by priests. The victim is left confused and silent because she tries to reconcile her experience with her learned image of a priest. She feels that it is her sin not his, that she is the proverbial temptress, that she has crossed the boundaries. She is forced to suffer alone.Â Unfortunately this is being used to deny the existence of sexual abuse of women in the Church and to classify it as consensual sex.
Women are asking if consensual sex is possible between persons of unequal power. It is imperative that the Church begins to reflect deeply on the way women have been socialized in the Church and how that socialization leaves them vulnerable to abuse.Â The Church has to listen to women.
An important point that Archbishop Tagle touched upon was the understanding of celibacy, and he called for â€śa serene but comprehensive consideration of the matter.â€ť This is absolutely necessary, especially when people are questioning the whole idea of the celibate priesthood in light of sexual abuse by priests.
The Church is looked up to as the moral compass in society. Vulnerable people approach priests with the confidence that they are safe with a â€śman of God,â€ť as they believe that his celibacy sets the boundaries for his interaction with them. When a priest violates those boundaries, it demonstrates a breach of trust and people feel betrayed.
The recent resignation of Malen Oriol, the leader of the female branch of the Legionaries of Christ, is an example of this breach of trust. It is reported that over 400 consecrated women have left the organization since the revelations of sexual abuse by their leader broke in 2009.
Several religious women who have experienced abuse and came up against a wall when trying to get justice have not only left their congregation but left the Church as well.
The abuse of a child, youth or woman of any age is a violation of the rights and dignity of the human person. Victims carry scars throughout their life and experience consequent maladjustment in relationships.
The pastoral responses recommended by Archbishop Tagle are deeply compassionate.Â He advocates care not only for the priest who has hitherto been the only focus of the Church, but for the victim, the community and other innocent priests as well.
Most victims have expressed a deep desire to ensure that the priest will not have the opportunity to reoffend.Â The community is pained when the Church is seen to put greater effort into hushing up the sexual behavior of priests rather than focusing on dealing with the root of the problem. The community needs to see that justice is done to the victim and efforts are made at restoring the faith and confidence of the victim as well as of the community.
Archbishop Tagle rightly points out: â€śIf we do not take the right steps, if we do not communicate empathy, the community might conclude that the Church is tolerating these kinds of behavior, or the Church simply does not care for them. Then their wounds become deeper.â€ť
He makes some important recommendations for the pastoral care of the offending priest, the first being to help him â€śunderstand and evaluate his situation.â€ť For various reasons a priest may resort to outright denial. He needs help to face up to his actions of abuse. He then has to be helped â€śto discover whether he has the capacity for celibate living.â€ť These are important decisions that have to be made in the course of his therapy.
Sending the priest away for a year or two until everyone forgets about the problem does not help the priest or the community.Â In most cases when he reoffends, the community feels completely betrayed.
Attention must also be given to priests who are faithful to their vows but are looked at with suspicion, especially when othersâ€™ skeletons are tumbling out of their respective closets.
Lastly, the formation of priests and religious men and women has to include a comprehensive understanding and a mature handling of sexuality in all situations.
The bottom line is that any guidelines must include mechanisms that take all sexual abuse seriously and are oriented toward ending the problem.Â Right from receiving and processing complaints through to the process of healing and pastoral care for all concerned, the Church will retain credibility only when justice is seen to be done.
Virginia Saldanha is the former executive secretary of the Federation of Asian Bishopsâ€™ Conferences Office of Laity with responsibility for the Womenâ€™s Desk. A freelance writer, she has a diploma in Theology for Laity from the Bombay Diocesan Seminary and is a woman activist working in India