Thai surrogate mother refused to abort Down Syndrome baby
Australian parents abandoned child but kept unaffected twin
Gammy, a baby born with Down Syndrome, is held by his surrogate mother Pattaramon Janbua. Picture: Reuters
A Thai surrogate mother left with one twin by his Australian biological parents after the child was born with Down Syndrome said on Sunday she was not informed of his condition until late in her pregnancy.
Pattaramon Janbua said her doctors, the surrogacy agency and the baby's parents knew he was disabled at four months but did not inform her until the seventh month when the agency asked her - at the parents' request - to abort the disabled fetus.
Pattaramon, 21, told Reuters Television she refused the abortion on religious grounds and carried both him and his twin sister to term six months ago. The parents, who have not been identified, took only the girl back with them to Australia.
The boy, Gammy, needs surgery for a congenital heart condition, according to media reports. An online campaign in Australia had raised nearly A$200,000 ($186,200) in donations so far for the operation.
"I want to warn those who are considering becoming a surrogate mother, don't only think about the money," Pattaramon said. "If the child is born with an unusual condition or if anything goes wrong, it will become a burden for you and society."
The case has caused controversy in both Thailand and Australia and brought calls for commercial surrogacy to be banned in the Southeast Asian country. Thailand is a top destination for medical tourism and many couples come for services such as fertility treatment and some for surrogacy.
Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott said on Saturday that authorities there would look to see if there was anything they could do about the case. "It is an incredibly sad story," he told Australian reporters.
Pattaramon said she agreed to a fee of 350,000 Thai baht ($10,900) to carry the twins for the couple. She said they agreed to pay her another 150,000 baht to keep Gammy.
She declined to identify the agency or give details of the providers of medical services to her during the pregnancy.
Gammy is being treated for a lung infection in a hospital east of Bangkok and his condition is stable, a spokesman as the hospital said on Sunday.
There are no laws governing surrogacy in Thailand, said Vichien Chavalit, permanent secretary of Thailand's Ministry of Social Development and Human Security. A law has been drafted but not yet submitted to parliament.
Gammy was not the first case in which a child has been left with a surrogate mother, Vichien said, adding: "This will lead to further social problems."
This Catholic group tends to operate apart from regular church structures
Khairul Ghazali uses own experience to help steer vulnerable Indonesian children away from the path of radicalization
Families discuss how children of mixed married couples have rights that the church must care for
It aims to help Catholics who want spiritual help get it because they have fallen away from their parishes
A dozen cases have already been recorded in the Philippines