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A brief history of famous Biblical hoaxes and fakes
The recently discovered papyrus which suggested that Jesus had a wife is now thought to be a fake. It's not the first time someone has tried a Biblical con trick.
- James Hannam
- October 4, 2012
There is little point in repeating the arguments for forgery. Far more puzzling is how an intelligent woman like Professor King could possibly have fallen for it. The answer is a warning of the perils of confirmation bias. No one should feel that he or she would be immune.
The most egregious case of New Testament fakery was announced to the world in 1973 when Morton Smith, a scholar from Columbia University, published a book on the so-called Secret Gospel of Mark. Smith said that he found the text while working in the library of the ancient monastery of Mar Saba on the West Bank in 1958. It forms part of a letter purportedly by the third-century father St. Clement of Alexandria. It has since disappeared, but certainly existed since several other people saw it and even took photographs. It is now clear that the manuscript was a forgery, probably perpetrated by Smith himself.
Again, the arguments, detailed in books such as Stephen Carlsonâ€™s The Gospel Hoax, donâ€™t need rehearsing here.??The Secret Gospel of Mark seemed to be designed to suggest that Jesus was gay. The key lines read, â€śAnd after six days Jesus told him what to do and in the evening the youth comes to him, wearing a linen cloth over his naked body. And he remained with him that night, for Jesus taught him the mystery of the kingdom of God.â€ť This looks carefully calibrated to be suggestive but not too revealing. (Morton Smithâ€™s own sexuality is a matter of controversy. Almost no one of his generation was â€śoutâ€ť; being so would have ended his career.)
In any case, Smith hardly used Secret Mark in his subsequent book Jesus the Magician published five years later. This must be the only case of a scholar ignoring his own groundbreaking discovery, unless Smith felt the need to distance himself from the monster heâ€™d created.??That didnâ€™t stop others embracing the text with great enthusiasm.
Helmut Koester and John Dominic Crossan, both among the aristocracy of liberal scholars, not only accepted that Secret Mark dates from the time of Clement of Alexandria, they even claimed it came from the pen of the Evangelist himself. Today, the Secret Gospel still has some energetic defenders, but in mainstream scholarship, it has gradually faded from sight.
If liberals were the primary dupes for Secret Mark, conservatives were cock-o-hoop over the discovery of an ancient Jewish coffin in 2002. The chalk box, strictly an ossuary for bones rather than a sarcophagus for a body, sported an Aramaic inscription â€śJames, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus.â€ť Was this archaeological confirmation of a key personage from the New Testament? Probably not. The box belonged to Oded Golan who found himself on trial in Jerusalem, charged with forgery.
Full Story:Â Fakes: Jesusâ€™ Wife, Boyfriend, and Brotherâ€™s Coffin
Source: First Things